What is Diabetes Mellitus and How Diabetes Clinic Kolkata Can Help

Diabetic clinic in Kolkata

Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic medical condition with a significant global impact. In this article, we are going to discuss Diabetes Mellitus and its symptoms. We are also going to talk about the important role that Apollo’s diabetes clinic Kolkata plays in managing diabetes mellitus.

Diabetes is a very common health concern, impacting the lives of many individuals of all age groups. As the number continues to grow, understanding the diabetes condition and opting for a good diabetic clinic in Kolkata is a must for effective management and prevention of the condition.

Understanding Diabetes Mellitus


According to the top doctor at Apollo Barrackpore’s multi-specialty clinic there are primarily two types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2. Each type has distinct characteristics and requires tailored approaches to management. Let us what they are:

Type 1 Diabetes


  • This is an autoimmune condition where the immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas.
  • The condition is typically diagnosed in childhood or adolescence, but it can occur at any age.


  • The exact causes are still under research, but genetic predisposition and environmental factors play a role.
  • No direct link to lifestyle or diet.

Type 2 Diabetes


  • Results from insulin resistance, where the body’s cells don’t respond effectively to insulin.
  • The most common type is often associated with lifestyle and genetics.
  • It develops gradually and is often diagnosed in adulthood.


  • Genetics contribute, especially if there’s a family history.
  • Lifestyle choices or factors such as poor diet, lack of exercise, and obesity increase the risk of diabetes in the human body.

Diabetes Mellitus Symptoms

Figuring out the early signs of diabetes mellitus can help you in major ways. While symptoms can vary between Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, there are diabetes mellitus symptoms that individuals should be aware of.

  1. Frequent Urination
  2. Excessive Thirst
  3. Unexplained Weight Loss
  4. Fatigue
  5. Increased Hunger
  6. Blurred Vision

Learn About The Diagnosis Of Diabetes Mellitus With The Best Diabetes Clinic in Kolkata

Diagnosing diabetes and implementing an effective treatment plan are pivotal steps in managing this chronic condition. The process involves a combination of diagnostic tests, lifestyle modifications, and, in some cases, medication.

Diagnosis of Diabetes Mellitus

Fasting Blood Sugar Test:

  • Procedure: Measures blood glucose levels after an overnight fast.
  • Diagnosis: Diabetes is diagnosed if fasting blood sugar is consistently 126 mg/dL or higher.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test (OGTT):

  • Procedure: This process involves fasting by consuming a glucose solution, and then measuring blood sugar levels after two hours.
  • Diagnosis: Diabetes is indicated if blood sugar is 200 mg/dL or higher.

Haemoglobin A1c Test:

  • Procedure: This test is used to measure the average blood sugar levels over the past two to three months.
  • Diagnosis: In this case, diabetes will be diagnosed if the A1c level is 6.5% or higher.

Random Blood Sugar Test:

  • Procedure: This test involves checking blood sugar levels at any time of the day and does not require you to fast.
  • Diagnosis: Diabetes is suspected if blood sugar is 200 mg/dL or higher with symptoms.

The Treatment of Diabetes Mellitus With The Best Diabetes Clinic Kolkata

Lifestyle Modifications:

  • Dietary Changes: It is important to follow a balanced diet that includes fiber, carbohydrates, and healthy fats.
  • Regular Exercise: Moreover, it is important that you incorporate regular exercise into your routine in order to improve insulin sensitivity and control weight.

Oral Medications:

  • Metformin: This is commonly prescribed to lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity.
  • Sulfonylureas, DPP-4 Inhibitors, GLP-1 Receptor Agonists: Such medications also help manage blood sugar levels.

Insulin Therapy:

  • Fast-Acting Insulin: Insulin therapy is administered before meals to control post-meal blood sugar spikes.
  • Long-Acting Insulin: This provides a steady level of insulin throughout the day.

Continuous Glucose Monitoring (CGM):

  • Wearable Devices: Such devices monitor glucose levels continuously, providing real-time data to aid in better management.

Regular Monitoring and Self-Care:

  • Blood Sugar Checks: Regularly monitoring blood glucose at home is essential for maintaining optimal blood sugar levels.
  • Foot Care: Regular examination and care help prevent complications like diabetic neuropathy.

Education and Support:

  • Patient Education: Remember that understanding the condition, treatment plan, and self-care is crucial for maintaining optimal health.
  • Support Groups: Joining diabetes support groups for emotional support and shared experiences will help you manage your condition better.

Choose The Best Diabetes Care Clinic in Kolkata

Apollo Clinic in Barrackpore distinguishes itself with a team of experienced healthcare professionals who are committed to patient well-being and offers a range of diabetes care services that set it apart from others.

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