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Diabetes is a disorder wherein glucose does not reach the cells, thus starving them of energy. If not managed well, this disease can lead to life-threatening complications. Today, India is considered to be among the top 3 countries in the world with the highest diabetic population.

At Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Diabetes, we are dedicated to creating awareness of the fact that diabetes is a disorder and not a disease. With timely intervention, it can be managed.

What is Diabetes?

In diabetes, cells starve for energy because glucose is unable to reach them. This is because there are deficient levels of insulin in the blood or the body’s ability to use insulin is reduced. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas that helps our cells absorb glucose. As the cells are unable to absorb glucose, the levels of blood sugar rise. Consistently high levels of blood sugar could cause serious complications such as kidney, foot, eye or heart disease.

What causes Diabetes?

There are several types of diabetes –Type 1, Type 2, Gestational, Juvenile and Pre-diabetes. Of these, Type 2 diabetes is the most prevalent and can be easily managed. Causes of Type 2 diabetes include:

Non-modifiable factors – Family history of diabetes, age over 45 years , race/ethnicity, history of gestational diabetes

Modifiable factors – High cholesterol, high blood pressure, high body fat/body weight, physical inactivity

What are the signs and symptoms of Diabetes?

Generally, Type 2 diabetes has mild symptoms which may go unnoticed. Our experts at Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Diabetes indicate some signs and symptoms of diabetes to watch out for:

  • Increased appetite
  • Unexplained loss of weight
  • Increased thirst
  • Increased urination
  • Lack of interest, concentration, and tiredness
  • Pain, numbness, or tingling sensation in the hands or feet
  • Blurry vision
  • Slow wound healing
  • Vomiting and stomach-ache
  • Infections and itching around the genital area

How can we help you?

At Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Diabetes, we have devised a 4-step comprehensive approach for diabetes treatment. Our unique approach helps maintain good sugar control over the long term and helps prevent its consequences. The four steps include:

Compliance – By compliance, we mean the extent to which an individual complies with the medical advice prescribed. This encompasses diet, physical activity, medication, and frequency of testing. To encourage compliance, we facilitate your interaction with our expert diabetologists, train and educate you on the importance of compliance, provide easy access to our clinics, and follow-up on appointments and tests.

Physical activity – Our fitness experts will carefully consider your medication, food intake, any other conditions you may be facing, and your exercise history. Based on the findings, they will prescribe an exercise regimen including proper exercises, time span, and frequency.

Diabetes die – Our expert dieticians and nutritionists will help create a customised, balanced diabetic diet containing the right amount of food needed to meet your body’s nutritional requirements. We follow the plate method to make it simpler for our patients to understand and remember.

Testing and monitoring – One of the critical aspects of diabetes management is regularly monitoring your glucose levels and maintaining a record of it. Our diabetologists will consider your ongoing diabetes treatment, current glucose levels and other factors and establish treatment goals. They will then educate you on self-monitoring of blood sugar levels using a device called a glucometer. Also, they may also recommend the following tests on a case-to-case basis:

A quarterly or biannual review check up to monitor HbA1c, diet and physical activity, blood pressure, weight and BMI; feet health and lifestyle habits such as smoking will also be considered if you are found positive for neuropathy

An annual visit to check diabetic nephropathy, diabetic retinopathy, distal symmetric neuropathy
Non-invasive diabetes risk assessment and glucose tolerance test

Apollo Support

At Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Diabetes, we tailor lifestyle and behaviour modification programs that are highly successful in controlling the consequences of diabetes. Our unique 4-step model has helped reduce HbA1c levels in diabetes patients by as much as 15%! We are well-equipped with senior diabetologists, endocrinologists and state-of-the-art diagnostic facilities designed to provide best-in-class care and holistic support round-the-clock.

Respiratory disorders on account of allergies, especially asthma, are on the rise. While these disorders can be inherited, factors such as air pollution and urbanisation also play a significant role in causing them. It is estimated that 20%-30% of Indians suffer from allergic diseases such as rhinitis, urticaria, asthma, anaphylaxis, angioedema, eczema, drug, food and insect allergy. At Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Asthma and Allergies, our team of highly experienced and expert doctors and allergists are committed to ensuring that your allergies are diagnosed and treated at the earliest so that they do not manifest into complex conditions.

What is Allergic Asthma?

A person may be sensitive to certain substances. When these substances enter the respiratory system and react with your immunity system, it triggers Allergic asthma.

What is the first step?

Allergic asthma may be triggered by allergens or irritants. The very first step in asthma treatment is to identify which allergen or irritant is affecting you. The identification process can be quite tricky as there are many substances which could be classified as allergens and irritants. Some of the most common allergens causing asthma are dust mite faeces, animal dander and saliva, mould spores and fragments, cockroach faeces and pollen. Common irritants that cause allergic asthma are smoke from tobacco, fire, candles, incense or fireworks; cold air; strong chemical odours or fumes; air pollutants; perfumes, air fresheners or other scented products and dust.

Symptoms to watch out for are: wheezing, heavy breathing, repetitive coughing, breathlessness and chest congestion.

How can we help you?

At our Specialty Clinic for Asthma treatment, the diagnosis of Allergic asthma begins with a detailed discussion on where you live and work, any past or present illnesses, lifestyle, diet and eating habits, any medication you take. Based on this information, our expert allergists come up with a likely list of allergens and irritants.

Some tests may also be conducted as part of the diagnosis. A common test is the skin prick test wherein an allergen is pricked into your skin, and after some time the doctor examines if there is any allergic reaction. Some other tests which may be used in the diagnosis of Allergic asthma are lung function, spirometry and peak flow.

Our doctors prescribe treatment depending upon the severity of symptoms and diagnosis. Anti-inflammatory or oral medicines may be given to ease allergic reactions. You may also be asked to use an inhaler daily to prevent asthmatic symptoms. If the symptoms are too severe, an allergy shot or antihistamines may be given. For long-term allergy treatment, your doctor may advise allergen immunotherapy. Allergy shots are given to reduce the sensitivity to allergens. This therapy is quite effective in providing relief from allergy symptoms long after treatment is stopped.

Apollo Support

At Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Asthma and Allergies, we offer a complete range of consulting services for people suffering from allergies and asthma, including young children. We specialise in skin prick or scratch tests, patch tests, intradermal skin tests and others. Our expert team of allergists and doctors and advanced technology help deliver best-in-class care to curb Allergic asthma across all age groups of patients, from young children to seniors.


Many women experience a host of emotional and/or physical symptoms just before and during menstruation which can disrupt their life in significant ways. Most of these symptoms, however, have easily identifiable causes, and there is a range of treatment options available to treat these symptoms. Apollo Clinic has set up a Speciality Clinic for Menstrual Disorders to help women alleviate their menstrual disorder symptoms and have a more fulfilling and enriching life.

What are Menstrual Disorders?

Menstrual cycles are often accompanied with a range of uncomfortable symptoms such as fatigue, cramps leading up to your period. In most cases, these symptoms go away when your period begins. However, other severe menstrual conditions such as menstruation being too light or heavy or the complete absence of a cycle.

What are the common Menstrual Disorders?

Every woman’s menstrual cycle is unique and what may be an issue for one could be normal for another. It is important to be watchful of your cycle and consult a specialist if you notice any significant changes to your cycle.

Our expert Gynaecologyologyologists at Apollo Clinic’s Speciality Clinic for Menstrual Disorders have listed some common menstrual disorders, their causes and symptoms:

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS) – PMS occurs a week or two before your period begins. Symptoms of PMS range from physical pain to emotional mood swings. Also, symptoms may vary every month and from woman to woman. PMS is uncomfortable but not a major cause for concern. Symptoms include irritability, headaches, acne, excessive fatigue, anxiety, insomnia, diarrhoea, bloating, backaches, breast soreness, food cravings, depression, feeling stressed, constipation, mild cramps.

Heavy periods – In this condition, you tend to bleed more than usual. You may also have extended periods, longer than your average 5-7 days. Heavy periods are mostly caused due to imbalances in hormone levels, especially progesterone and oestrogen. Other reasons include vaginal infections, hypothyroidism, changes in diet or exercise, puberty, inflammation of the cervix, fibroids.

Missing periods – In some cases, women don’t get their period at all. This condition is known as amenorrhea and can be primary or secondary.

Primary amenorrhea – When you don’t get your first period by the age of 16, it is known as primary amenorrhea. Causes include delay in puberty, issue with the pituitary gland, and congenital defect in the reproductive system.

Secondary amenorrhea – When you miss your regular periods for six months or more, it is known as secondary amenorrhea.

Causes of missing periods are different in teenagers and adults. For teens, causes include overactive thyroid gland, sudden weight gain or loss, pregnancy, anorexia, ovarian cysts and discontinuing birth control. In case of adults, causes could be pelvic inflammatory disease, pregnancy, menopause, premature ovarian failure, discontinuing birth control, and menopause.

Painful periods – While cramps are normal during the beginning of your period; some women experience severe pain throughout their periods. These painful periods are generally due to an underlying medical condition such as pelvic inflammatory disease, fibroids, and endometriosis.

How Can We Help You?

Apollo Clinic’s Specialty Menstrual Disorders Clinic is one of the finest in the country today. Our experienced Gynaecologyologyologists handle your menstrual disorders with utmost sensitivity while providing effective treatment. Your doctor will discuss in detail the symptoms you are experiencing, your family and medical history. Next, your doctor may prescribe some tests to help with the diagnosis such as:

A pelvic exam – This helps assess your reproductive organs and determine if your cervix or vagina are inflamed.

Pap smear – This test helps rule out the chance of cancer or any other underlying condition

Blood tests – These assist in determining if hormonal imbalances are the underlying cause of your menstrual problems

Pregnancy – A blood or urine test may be ordered if your doctor suspects that you are pregnant

Endometrial biopsy – A sample of your uterine lining is extracted and sent to the laboratory for further investigation

Hysteroscopy – In this test, a small camera is inserted into your uterus to help detect any abnormalities

Depending on the results of the investigations and diagnosis, your doctor will prescribe suitable treatment. Treatment measures include medication, hormone replacement therapy, antibiotics.

Apollo Support

Over the years, Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Menstrual Disorders has become a woman’s most preferred facility for menstrual care. Today, we are synonymous with excellence, integrity and successful outcomes. Our multidisciplinary team of expert Gynaecologyologyologists, Ultra sonographers, nurses and support staff is complemented by our state-of-the-art equipment and amenities. We continually strive to provide the best course of treatment in an environment that is comfortable

Understanding arthritis is vital as this common health condition affects multiple joints and is further accompanied by joint pain, which is also called as arthralgia. In simple terms, it is a joint pain coupled with an acute stiffness which makes it challenging and painful to move the legs. The common symptoms of arthritis include stiffness, joint pain, swelling, and even decreased motion range. The problem worsens when left untreated for a long time as it can even cause permanent joint changes. Immediate treatment is highly recommended if the pain gets unbearable. To ensure whether you have arthritis, knowing the symptoms and types are essential.

Types of Arthritis

Arthritis is broken down into three broad categories:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

    –This type occurs when the inside lining of the joints gets inflamed. This further leads to joint pain and damage. This kind of arthritis affects the fingers, wrists and hands.

  • Juvenile Arthritis (JA)

    – This type of arthritis majorly affects children younger than 18 years of age. The number of girls affected is higher. It typically occurs in the knees, ankles, and wrists. Other than this, it also affects the jaw, neck, shoulders and hips.

  • Osteoarthritis (OA)

    – This type is also called degenerative joint disease and usually manifests after the age of 40. It is one of the most common types and affects when there is a disintegration of the cartilage’s joints. It majorly affects the lower back, hips, hands, neck, and knees.

  • Symptoms of Arthritis

Arthritis can be easily detected as its symptoms are quite visible. Some of the symptoms include stiffness, joint pain and even swelling. Other than this, you will notice the motion range also decreases, and there is skin redness around the joints. As seen by people with arthritis, these symptoms are worse early in the morning. There is a loss of appetite, and you feel tired especially in the case of Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA).

Causes of Arthritis

The causes of arthritis ultimately depend upon the type you have. The joints are protected by the cartilage (which is flexible) and strong connective tissue. The protection to the joints by the cartilage is offered by pressure absorption, and the shock that is created when there is any movement or even stress is applied. When there is a reduction in the cartilage tissue, it leads to some form of arthritis.

Some of the potential causes of the same include:

Osteoarthritis (OA) – Normal wear and tear is one of the primary causes of Osteoarthritis. A joint injury or infection can further worsen the cartilage tissue. Family history can also be a reason for the affliction.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) – It majorly occurs when the tissues of the body are attacked by the immune system. This, in turn, affects the soft tissue in the joints, synovium which further leads to both bone and cartilage damage.


In the case of RA, there is a decrease in the red blood cell count, commonly known as anaemia. If left untreated, it also leads to joint deformity. It can even result in short-term complications, majorly, joint pain.

Treatment of Arthritis

The main aim of arthritis treatment is to ensure that joint pain is reduced. It also seeks to ensure there is no further damage to the joints. Treatment is offered to enhance the functioning of the joints. A healthcare provider will suggest various treatment plans to achieve the best results.

Apollo Experience

We, at Apollo Barrackpore, leave no stone unturned in offering the best and most versatile of orthopaedic care. Treatment is provided based on the evaluation of the joints.

Most of us are familiar with the term ‘acidity’. It is a condition that causes a lot of discomforts and hinders our day-to-day activities. Some people may experience acidity for a prolonged period. At Apollo Barrackpore’s Acidity Treatment Clinic, our team of highly skilled and experienced gastroenterologists provide a range of diagnostic, medical as well as psychotherapeutic services for the management of stomach diseases.

What is Acidity?

Your stomach normally secretes hydrochloric acid and various other enzymes which help in digestion. Similarly, natural bicarbonate and prostaglandins are secreted by the mucous lining to neutralise the acid’s corrosive effects. When there is an imbalance in these chemicals, it causes a condition called acidity.

What are the causes of Acidity?

Acidity is generally the consequence of multiple factors including:

  • Heavy consumption of oily and spicy foods, fad diets, irregularity in eating pattern
  • Smoking
  • Consumption of alcohol
  • Lack of physical activity
  • Stomach ailments such as gastroesophageal reflux disease, stomach tumors, and peptic ulcers
  • Certain medications
  • Stress
  • It is also observed that there is a greater chance of acidity occurring in individuals who are highly nervous or emotional

What are the signs & symptoms of Acidity?

Our expert team at Apollo Barrackpore advises on some signs and symptoms of acidity to look out for, such as:

  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn
  • Burning sensation in the stomach or throat
  • Restlessness
  • Belching
  • Nausea
  • Sour taste
  • Constipation

At Apollo Barrackpore, our expert doctors have enormous experience in treating all symptoms of acidity including acid reflux treatment. Your doctor will consult with you and discuss in detail your lifestyle and medical history to understand the cause of acidity. Depending on the diagnosis, your doctor may prescribe antacids containing aluminium, magnesium or calcium compounds. These antacids provide relief from symptoms by neutralising the excess acid in the stomach. In particular cases, histamine blocking agents (H2 receptor blockers) also may be prescribed. On rare occasions, a surgical procedure known as vagotomy may also be performed to reduce the acid sensation.

Additionally, your doctor may also refer you to our in-house team of nutritionists and fitness experts who will suggest lifestyle changes to help combat acidity. You may also be referred to a therapist in case the cause of the acidity is determined to be stress. Our highly qualified and experienced counsellors will help you practice some stress-relieving techniques which assist in relieving the symptoms of acidity.

Apollo Support

At Apollo Barrackpore’s Speciality Clinic for Acidity, our multidisciplinary team of distinguished senior gastroenterologists, surgeons, dieticians, fitness experts, counsellors, nurses and support staff work as one to help treat your symptoms of acidity. We offer best-in-class acidity treatment combining lifestyle programs, workshops, support programs and counselling with medication.

Elevation of blood pressure (BP) to abnormal levels is called hypertension. It is estimated that about one in every three urbanites and one in four rural people suffer from hypertension in India . Even more alarming is the fact that only 50% of people with hypertension are aware of their condition. In some communities, the awareness is as low as 10%.

At Barrackpore’s Speciality Clinic for Blood Pressure, our blood pressure specialists focus on minimising the chances of occurrence or at least delaying the occurrence of blood pressure. For those who are already hypertensive, the aim is to reduce the incidence of related complications.

What is Hypertension?

Simply put, an increase in blood pressure to irregular levels is called Hypertension. This occurs due to stiffening of the arteries and imbalance in the chemicals responsible for maintaining blood pressure within the normal range. There are two kinds of hypertension:

Primary Hypertension – This is the most common type of hypertension accounting for more than 95% of cases. The onset of primary hypertension is very gradual and does not have any visible symptoms. The cause of this kind of hypertension is unknown. It occurs as the arteries start getting stiff and kidneys are unable to maintain optimal blood pressure. Primary hypertension develops with age.

Secondary Hypertension – In this type of hypertension, the cause of elevation in blood pressure is known. Several diseases such as tumours like pheochromocytoma, adrenal adenoma, arterial diseases like renal artery stenosis and coarctation of aorta can lead to hypertension. In certain cases, treatment of the underlying condition could cure secondary hypertension. Some signs that indicate the presence of secondary hypertension are a sudden worsening of blood pressure in an older person, onset of hypertension at a very young age, or episodic elevation of blood pressure associated with symptoms such as palpitation and sweating.

Apollo Support

At Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Blood Pressure treatment, we use an automatic device that monitors and records blood pressure through the day and provides the entire BP profile. This is important as BP levels not lowering during sleep can indicate the risk of paralysis, heart attacks and stroke. We also have an exclusive facility to check blood pressure in the heart which is the true indicator of BP. Our distinguished team of highly skilled specialists in high blood pressure treatment experienced support staff, and qualified technicians leave no stone unturned in providing high-quality treatment for blood pressure.

Back and neck pain is a common ailment that can affect people of any age. However, it is more prevalent in adults aged 35-55 years. Lower back pain can significantly influence the quality of life and cause disability, especially in women. In India, the rate of occurrence of lower back pain is quite alarming with nearly 60 % of the populace complaining of lower back pain at some point during their lifetime. At Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Barrackpore for Back and Neck Pain, we are equipped to provide pain management services focused on sustainable relief. Our specialist doctors’ expertise is complemented by the state-of-the-art infrastructure and amenities to ensure that we meet the requirements of all our patients.

What is Back and Neck Pain?

Simply put, it is a pain that is felt in the back or neck. Back and neck pain may be acute or chronic. Acute pain occurs suddenly and lasts for a few days or a month. Chronic pain develops over a period and is persistent, causing long-term issues.

What are the causes of Back and Neck Pain?

Our back and neck are made up of several muscles, tendons, discs, bones, ligaments, tissues and bones. An issue with any of these could lead to back and neck pain. Common causes of back and neck pain include:

  • Strained muscles or muscle spasms
  • Strained or sprained muscles and ligaments
  • Accidents or injuries
  • Ruptured, herniated or bulging discs
  • Medical conditions such as arthritis, scoliosis, cancer, meningitis
  • Abnormal curve, infection in the spine
  • Pregnancy
  • Day-to-day activities such as lifting heavy objects, bending, too much stretching, standing for long hours, prolonged movements
  • Lifestyle habits such as poor posture, being overweight, smoking
  • Repeated stress
  • Ageing

Pain, itself, is one of the major symptoms of back and neck pain. The pain may be a sharp or shooting pain, a burning sensation or a dull ache. The pain may spread to the arms, hands, feet, legs or cause a tingling sensation.

Our expert team at Apollo Barrackpore advises on some other signs and symptoms of back and neck pain to be watchful of:

  • Persistent ache or stiffness anywhere along the spine, right from the neck to the tail bone
  • Muscle spasms
  • Inflammation or tenderness
  • Numbness in the lower spine, leg or arm
  • A continuous backache or a headache
  • Pain down the legs or below the knees
  • High body temperature or fever
  • Inability to move the neck
  • Loss of bowel movements or bladder control
  • Weight loss

How can we help you?

At Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Neck and Back Pain, we are well-equipped with cutting-edge infrastructure and an eminent team of doctors specialised in pain management. Your doctor will start by having a detailed discussion regarding your medical history and lifestyle to assess the cause of the back and neck pain. Your doctor may also conduct a physical examination to observe posture and motion range. Diagnostic tests such as MRI scan, CT scan or X-ray may also be prescribed to arrive at the cause accurately. Once the cause is determined, appropriate back and neck pain treatment will follow.:

In most cases, rest and over-the-counter medication such as pain relievers and muscle relaxants or antibiotics are prescribed. When these fail to provide relief, you may be asked to go for physiotherapy. Our expert team of physiotherapists use a combination of ice, heat, electric stimulation, ultrasound along with muscle release techniques to help ease the pain. Once the pain reduces, your physiotherapist may introduce flexibility and strength exercises and techniques to prevent reoccurrence of back pain.

Apollo Support

We, at Apollo Barrackpore, offer comprehensive consultation orthopaedic care and non-invasive diagnostic services under one roof. Our multidisciplinary team of expert orthopaedics, surgeons, physiotherapists, chiro-practitioners, nurses and support staff take every measure possible to ensure that your neck and back pain treatment process is smooth and comfortable.

Ear pain is a common condition that we are all likely to experience at some point of time in our lives. Ear ache tends to affect young kids more because of their ear canal which is straight in shape. Apollo Barrackpore has set up a speciality clinic for Ear Pain with the objective of being readily available to provide prompt and affordable care.

What is Ear Pain?

Ear pain or ache is a dull, sharp or burning pain that may be constant or fluctuating. It may affect one or both ears, usually only one ear.

What causes Ear Pain?

Some common causes of ear pain are:

  • Ear infection
  • Earwax build up
  • Strep throat
  • Shampoo or water trapped in the ear
  • Change in air pressure levels
  • A foreign object in the ear
  • Sinus infection
  • Use of cotton swabs in the ear
  • Of these, middle ear infection and earwax are the most common causes of ear pain.

What are the symptoms of Ear Pain?

Our ENT specialists advise on some signs of middle ear infection and earwax build-up to watch out for. These include:

Middle ear infection – Ear pain, irritability, difficulty sleeping, fever, discharge from the ears, loss of balance, problems in hearing, nausea, diarrhoea, decreased appetite, congestion, loss of balance

Earwax build-up – Sudden or partial hearing loss that is temporary, a ringing or buzzing in the ear, feeling that the ear is full, ear pain

How can we help you?

The first step would be a detailed discussion regarding your medical history. Next, a physical exam is conducted wherein your doctor will use an otoscope (a lighted instrument) to look at the eardrum and outer ear to check for signs of swelling, pus and fluid.

Your doctor may also conduct a test to check whether your middle ear is functioning properly. A device will be placed inside your ear canal, and the pressure would be changed making your eardrum vibrate. The results are recorded on a graph which will then be interpreted by your doctor.

Depending on the diagnosis and test results, your doctor will prescribe appropriate ear pain treatment. Middle ear infection treatments include medication to reduce fever and suffering or antibiotics. Earwax removal is done using a curette (a small curved instrument), irrigation or suction.

Apollo Support

Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Ear Pain leads in providing comprehensive therapeutic and diagnostic facilities. Our multi-disciplinary team has extensive experience in treating ear pain in children and adults of all ages.

Couples are increasingly being affected by infertility. It is estimated that about 10% of reproductive-age couples are infertile in India! This is a staggering number considering the population of our country. To address this growing concern, Apollo Barrackpore has set up a Speciality Clinic for Fertility that provides world-class treatment with advanced procedures and equipment.

What is Infertility?

When a couple is unable to conceive after having 12 months of an unprotected sexual relationship, they are said to be infertile. There are two types of infertility – primary and secondary. Primary infertility means that the couple has never been able to conceive. Secondary infertility means that the couple has had pregnancy earlier and is unable to conceive later.

What are the causes of Infertility?

It is untrue that infertility is always a ‘woman’s problem’. Half of the infertility cases are due to issues with the man’s reproductive system. Causes of infertility in men include difficulties with the sperm such as low motility, abnormal form or fewer numbers. Causes of infertility in women include ovulation, fallopian tube, cervix or womb problems.

How can we help you?

Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Fertility Clinic is considered to be one of the best fertility clinics in the country today. We offer specialised investigative procedures for both men and women. During the first visit, both partners are expected to attend. A detailed review is done of medical history and previous reports. Depending on the findings, further investigations may be conducted.

Investigative procedures for men – In addition to basic blood and urine exam, semen analysis is also done.

Investigative procedures for women – As a first step, we conduct routine examinations such as CBC, TSH/FSH/LH/Prolactin VDRL, HIV and blood grouping, Hepatitis B, Rubella IgG and urine test. Additional tests that may be conducted based on doctor recommendations are:

Serum tests – Serum FSH/ LH/ PRL/ TSH tests may be done on day 2 or 3 of the menstrual cycle

HSG (Hysterosalpingogram) – In this procedure, an x-ray of the Hysteria (uterus) and Salpingo (fallopian tubes) are taken. A dye is injected into the uterus and pictures are taken to identify any irregularities in the uterine cavity and tubes. Alternatively, an ultrasound may be taken.

Transvaginal ultrasonogram – This procedure helps check abnormalities in the uterus, tubes and ovaries. It is best to get this done around the 13th day of the cycle. For those who are already undergoing treatment with ovulation-inducing drugs, follicular tracking and monitoring of follicle development is also done via a transvaginal scan.

Laparoscopic hysteroscopy – An endoscope is used to visualise the interior aspects of the uterus. This assists in identifying the pathology in the uterine cavity, releasing adhesions inside the uterus, resection of fibroid/polyp that protrudes into the uterine cavity, cannulation of the uterine end of the tube is blocked and resection of a uterine septum.

Laparoscopy – An endoscope is used for direct visualisation of the peritoneal cavity. This helps in visualising the uterus, tubes, ovaries and structures adjacent to it; performing dye test to check tubal patency and operative interventions if required.

Depending on the results of the investigations, the cause will be determined, and accordingly, treatment would be initialized. Assistive Reproductive Technology (ART) is the term used for the treatment of infertility. These procedures are designed to increase the number of sperms or eggs and to bring them together, thus improving the chances of pregnancy.

Infertility treatments could range from simple lifestyle changes to extensive medical procedures, depending on the cause of the problem. Initial measures include awareness of the fertile period, relaxation therapy, quitting smoking or alcohol. Further treatments can be categorised as:

Medication to improve fertility – Tablets such as clomifene or injectable medications that contain gonadotrophins.

Surgical treatment – This method is used when the cause of infertility can be treated with surgical intervention such as fallopian tube problems, endometriosis, PCOS, fibroids in women and epididymis or varicoceles in men.

Assisted conception – This includes IVF treatment (in vitro fertilisation), IUI (intrauterine insemination), ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection), GIFT (gamete intrafallopian transfer), TESA (testicular sperm aspiration), embryo freezing excess, sperm/semen freezing and assisted hatching.

Apollo Support

Over the years, Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Fertility Clinic has become one of the best fertility treatment centres in the country. Today, we are synonymous with excellence, integrity and successful outcomes. Our eminent team consists of expert doctors specialised in reproductive medicine, nurse-counsellors, ultrasonographers, andrologists and embryologists. We are committed to offering the best course of treatment to ensure better outcomes in a comfortable, private environment.

The hearing is an ability that most of us take for granted. Unfortunately, loss of hearing is a condition that affects many. It is estimated that over six crore people in India suffer from the significant hearing loss. Apollo Barrackpore has set up a Speciality Clinic for Hearing Loss to address this growing concern.

What is Hearing Loss?

Hearing loss, impairment or deafness refers to the inability to hear things, either partially or entirely. It is a common problem that often develops with age or with repeated exposure to loud noise. A person with hearing loss may have muffled hearing, be unable to hear sounds coming from some directions, have trouble hearing certain frequencies or sounds or be unable to understand anything at all.

There are mainly two types of hearing loss:

Sensorineural –This occurs when your auditory nerve or sensitive hair cells in the inner ear are damaged; this type has more permanent effects.

Conductive – This occurs when sound waves are unable to reach your inner ear due to fluid, a punctured eardrum or earwax buildup.

What Causes Hearing Loss?

The common causes of Hearing Loss include:

  • Sensorineural
  • Ageing
  • Exposure to loud noises
  • Hereditary factors
  • Viral infections of the auditory nerve or inner ears such as mumps, measles or rubella
  • Conditions such as Meniere’s disease, meningitis, acoustic neuroma, encephalitis, multiple sclerosis, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, cardiovascular disease or autoimmune diseases
  • Head injury
  • Malformation of the ear
  • Stroke
  • Certain treatments and medication such as chemotherapy or antibiotics
  • Conductive
  • Too much ear wax
  • Build-up of fluid in the ear known as glue ear
  • Ear infection
  • A foreign body being trapped in the ear
  • Malformation of the ear
  • A perforated ear drum, hole in the tear drum, torn ear drum
  • Otosclerosis, an abnormal growth of bone in the middle ear
  • Damage to the hearing bones from injury, a collapsed ear drum, or conditions such as cholesteatoma

What are the signs and symptoms of Hearing Loss?

Hearing loss could be sudden at times. However, in most cases, it is a gradual process and has some visible tell-tale signs. Very often, signs of hearing loss are noticed by others before the person experiencing it. Our experts at Apollo Barrackpore’s Speciality Clinic for Hearing Loss recommend some signs and symptoms of hearing loss to be watchful of:

  • Asking people to repeat themselves
  • Difficulty hearing the doorbell or telephone
  • Constantly feeling stressed or tired from having to concentrate while listening
  • Difficulty in telling which direction a sound is coming from
  • Watching TV or listening to music with volume higher than what other people need
  • Difficulty in hearing other people apparently, and misunderstanding what they say, especially in a group situation
  • A ringing, buzzing or whistling sound in the ears

How can we help?

At Apollo Barrackpore’s Specialty Clinic for Hearing Loss, our doctors will conduct a thorough evaluation to diagnose the cause of hearing loss. They will start off with a detailed discussion regarding your medical and family history. Next, he or she will conduct an ear examination using a special instrument with a light at the end, to look for any abnormalities. Depending on the results of the examination, you may be referred for further hearing tests such as:

Tuning fork test – A Y-shaped, metallic object called a tuning fork is used to produce sound waves at a fixed pitch and is held at different places around your head. This test helps determine if you have sensorineural or conductive hearing loss .

Pure tone audiometry – In this test, a machine called an audiometer is used to test the hearing of both ears. It produces sounds at various volumes and pitches which you listen to through headphones and respond on hearing them, usually by pressing a button

Bone conduction test – This test is a sophisticated version of tuning fork test and is often used together with pure tone audiometry to determine is helps determine if you have sensorineural, conductive hearing loss or both. In this test, a vibrating probe is placed against the mastoid bone behind the ear to test how well sounds transmitted through the bone are heard.

Depending on the diagnosis and cause of hearing loss, our doctors will offer hearing loss treatment. Conductive hearing loss is generally temporary and treatable. It can be corrected using ear drops, a syringe or suction, antibiotics or minor surgery.

Sensorineural hearing loss is a more serious condition and is permanent. You could need hearing aids, cochlear implants or auditory brainstem implants to improve your hearing and consequently, the quality of life. You may also need to go for lip reading and sign language sessions.

Apollo Support

At Apollo Barrackpore’s Speciality Clinic for Hearing Loss, we use cutting-edge technology and advanced equipment to diagnose and treat hearing loss. Our multidisciplinary team of ENT specialists, audiologists, surgeons, nurses and support staff take every measure possible to ensure that you receive optimum care.

What is Menopause?

Menopause is that phase in a woman’s life when her periods stop. Menopause marks the end of menstrual cycles and is said to occur 12 months after your last known period. Your ovaries stop producing oestrogen and progesterone hormones which are essential for reproduction.

What causes Menopause?

Menopause is a natural process and occurs after the age of 45. Although menopause ends fertility, you can still have a healthy sexual life.

What are the symptoms of Menopause?

Many women don’t realise that they are at the onset of menopause. Usually, menopause age is around 45, and this is when signs of menopause begin to show. It is advisable to be prepared once you are premenopausal. Go for regular health check-ups so that you understand your body better.

Some menopause symptoms to watch out for include:

  • Vaginal dryness
  • Disturbed sleep
  • Mood swings
  • Trouble trying to focus
  • Weight gain and slowed metabolism
  • Irregular periods
  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Hair loss or thinning hair
  • Loss of breast fullness

Some of these symptoms could require treatment. If you or a loved one is perimenopause (around menopause), consult a doctor to understand the importance of menopause care and management.

How is Menopause treated?

Menopause does not require any particular treatment. However, treatments may be needed to manage the symptoms and prevent chronic conditions that could develop as you age. Some menopause treatments include:

Hormone therapy – In this treatment, your doctor may recommend oestrogen or progestin in the lowest dose, depending on your medical history. This helps relieve menopausal hot flashes.

Vaginal oestrogen – In this method, oestrogen is administered directly to the vagina through an oestrogen cream, tablet or ring. These will release a small amount of oestrogen which is then absorbed by the vaginal tissues.

Low-dose antidepressants – Sometimes, low-dose anti-depressants may be prescribed to women to manage their hot flashes, especially to those who can’t take oestrogen.

Before starting out with any treatment, do consult a doctor so that you get the right treatment that suits you.

Apollo Support

At Apollo Barrackpore, we understand you and provide the support you need. Our team of distinguished Gynaecologists and support staff will take every measure possible to offer the best consultation, diagnosis, treatment and prevention advice. We are well-equipped menopause matters.

The most important investment for the future that any parent can do is through their children. With that in mind, it is also important to understand that children have unique health needs, which require specialised care. Apollo Barrackpore’s Paediatric department offers state-of-the-art facilities, technology and expertise to ensure that your child gets the best care, as well as a child-friendly environment to make the process of healing as be facilities as comfortable as possible.

With one of the best paediatrics department in the country, our services cover the complete gamut of health care needs that our young patients might require help for, including:

Wheezing or Asthma In Children –

With studies showing that there is an increase in asthma incidence in children due to increased environmental pollution, it is advisable to seek the help and guidance of the best in the field. Apollo Barrackpore’s paediatric specialists offer young patients who may be suffering from asthma the right diagnosis and care. You should schedule with our speciality clinic immediately if your child develops symptoms like prolonged coughing spells, complaint of chest tightness, or wheezing.

Ear Infections –

Inflammation of the middle ear, usually by bacteria, is a commonly faced problem by children. While the vast majority of cases are not serious and resolve on their own in a few days, severe cases can occur, which can cause your child’s eardrum to rupture, lead to temporary hearing loss and excessive ear pain.

At Apollo Barrackpore, our paediatric department is well-versed with understanding the severity of each case and diagnosing the right kind of care and treatment. You should schedule an appointment with one of our paediatric specialists if your child is excessively tugging his/her ear, having trouble sleeping, fever, fluid draining from the ear, problems with balance or trouble hearing soft sounds.

Paediatric Diarrhoea: Diarrhoea in children, while common, can be a serious issue, as it can lead to dehydration, which in turn can alter the natural balance of water in your child’s body, and also lead to sodium, potassium and chloride imbalance. Thus, it is essential for you to know when to seek the medical help. Apollo Barrackpore’s team of paediatric specialists can help pinpoint the exact cause of this, and prescribe either Oral Rehydration Therapy (ORT) or following the World Health Organization’s protocol for treatment, which includes low osmolality ORS formulation and zinc supplements. You should immediately book an appointment at our paediatric speciality clinic if your child is suffering from symptoms like fever, nausea, vomiting, cramping or dehydration.

Pneumonia:If your child is suffering from high fever, a cough that produces yellowish or green mucus, excessive sweating or chills, flushed skin, wheezing or having difficulty breathing, there is a chance that he/she may be suffering from pneumonia. Apollo Barrackpore’s paediatric department will help understand the infection that is causing this condition, and diagnose the correct therapy procedure for the fastest recovery.

Fever in children: Fever can be caused by a number of issues. For the most part, infection is the cause of more cases of fever, which also cause conditions like cold, respiratory or infectious diseases. Frequent bouts of fever can indicate a deeper issue, though, making it advisable to not take any chances. If your child is suffering from symptoms like a sore throat, an earache, pain while urinating, difficulty walking, shortness of breath or rash development. Apollo Barrackpore’s paediatric speciality clinic offers comprehensive diagnosis and treatment protocol, which not only helps to tackle the fever but also contributes to understand and address the cause of the condition.

Nutrition:Eating the right food items, and getting enough nutrients, is essential for a child’s growth and health. In certain cases, a child may not get enough nutrients from his/her diet, leading to a deficiency in essentials vitamins and minerals. In such cases, medical conditions like Anaemia, Calcium deficiency or Rickets can arise. Depending on the condition arising, Apollo Barrackpore’s paediatric department is equipped with the latest diagnostic technology to give an accurate reading of the issue, as well as the right form of treatment that can be followed to ensure that the condition is tackled properly. Also, our experienced paediatric specialists are well equipped to help you manage your child’s diet plan, to ensure that such an issue can be mitigated.

Poisonings: Injuries are a fairly common occurrence during childhood. The commonality of this though doesn’t negate the need for immediate treatment, to avoid increasing the severity of the injury, or to avoid lasting damage. Be it an injury from a fall, a road accident, burns or scalds, Apollo Barrackpore’s team of experienced paediatric specialists will not only make sure that your child’s injury is properly taken care of, but will also ensure that your child’s pain is taken care of with empathy and sensitivity.

Psychological Concerns: Taking care of your child’s psychological needs is a large part of what paediatric care is about. From anxiety disorder, attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, Autism, eating disorders, mood disorders or schizophrenia, our team of experienced paediatric specialists are equipped, not only to help your child tackle his/her issues, but also help you, as a parent, through this difficult journey as well.

Dental Health: Dental care is, perhaps, one of the most overlooked detail in preventive health maintenance, especially in children. It is essential, as the foundations for healthy, permanent teeth in children and teenagers are put in place during the first years of life. Thus, it is critical to not just have an oral hygiene routine in place, but also to have experienced paediatric specialists in place for regular monitoring and tackling any dental issues that may arise.

Nearly 1 in 3 men over the age of 50 has urinary problems. The most common cause of these problems is enlargement of prostate gland. Keeping this high incidence in view, Apollo Barrackpore has set up a Specialty Clinic for Prostate Disease which focuses on providing optimum care and treatment.

What is Prostate Enlargement?

The prostate is a small gland that is part of the male reproductive system. It’s supposed to be about the shape and size of a walnut. It rests below your bladder. Also known as BPE (benign prostatic enlargement) or BPH (benign prostatic hyperplasia), enlargement of the prostate is an increase in the size of the prostate. There is an increase in the number of cells that causes the prostate to grow. Prostate enlargement is a common issue in men over the age of 50.

What are the causes of Prostate Enlargement?

The exact causes of prostate enlargement are still unknown. However, there are certain factors which increase the risk of this condition. Factors include:

Age – The risk of having an enlarged prostate increases as you age

Hormone levels – As you age, the hormonal balance of your body changes thus causing your prostate to grow

Other factors – Some studies indicate hereditary factors, and men with diabetes and/or obesity are at a higher risk of developing prostate enlargement

What are the symptoms of Prostate Enlargement?

Prostate Enlargement is mainly characterised by urinary symptoms such as:

  • Feeling that your bladder hasn’t been entirely emptied
  • Dribbling urine after you finish urinating
  • Sudden urge to urinate; may even leak urine before reaching the bathroom
  • Weak flow when you urinate
  • Difficulty in starting to urinate
  • Needing to urinate more often, especially during nighttime
  • It is important to note that many men over 50 years of age could have an enlarged prostate, but no accompanying symptoms. Also, these symptoms could be triggered by other conditions or lifestyle factors.

How can we help you?

At Apollo Barrackpore, our expert urologists will consult with you and discuss your symptoms, lifestyle habits, medication, family and medical history in detail. You may also have to undergo some tests for effective diagnosis, such as:

  • Preliminary tests
  • Urine test – A urine test will help verify if the symptoms are being caused by an infection
  • Blood tests – These tests will assist in determining if your kidneys are working properly, and check whether the levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA) protein are healthy
  • Digital rectal examination (DRE) – In this examination, your prostate is checked through the rectum wall for any irregular or hard areas and to assess its size
  • Urine flow test – In this test, you will be asked to urinate into a machine that measures the speed of urine flow
  • Ultrasound scan – An ultrasound scan may be conducted after the urine flow test to measure how much urine your bladder can hold and ascertain how much urine is left in your bladder after urination; the scan may also be used to look at your kidneys

Secondary tests which are done at tertiary care centres

Bladder pressure (urodynamic) test – This test helps check how well your bladder is functioning. Thin tubes are passed up your penis, and your bladder is filled with a clear liquid. Thin tubes are also placed in your rectum. The tubes are used to measure the pressure in your bladder, back passage and urethra.

Flexible cystoscopy – This test may be prescribed when you have severe urinary symptoms, pain while urinating, blood in the urine, get urine infections often, or your doctor suspects that your urethra or opening of the bladder is too narrow. It helps determine if you have any blockage or abnormal tissue in your urethra or bladder. A thin tube with a camera or eyepiece and light will be passed up your penis to the bladder. Your doctor will be able to see the urethra and bladder on a screen.

Pad test – This test is prescribed in cases of urine leakage. You would be asked to wear an incontinence pad for a certain duration of time. The pad is then weighed to assess the quantity of urine leaked.

Depending on the outcomes of the tests and diagnosis, appropriate prostate disease treatment will be prescribed. Prostate gland treatment modules include watchful waiting, medication, lifestyle changes, minimally-invasive procedures and surgery.

Apollo Support

At Apollo Barrackpore, we use cutting-edge equipment and advanced procedures to diagnose enlargement of the prostate. Our distinguished team of highly skilled urologists, surgeons, nurses, experienced support staff and qualified technicians go the extra mile to provide superior-quality care for your prostate condition.

Urinary infections are common infections that affect the bladder, kidneys and tubes connected to them. These infections can affect anyone, at any age. However, they are much more common in women. Urinary infections can be very painful and uncomfortable but can be easily treated with antibiotics. Apollo’s Urinary Infection Speciality Clinic features highly experienced urologists skilled at ensuring that your infection is diagnosed and treated at the earliest, to avoid complex conditions from developing at a later stage. With state-of-the-art infrastructure and facilities, we leave no stone unturned in making sure that you receive the best urinary infection treatment.

What is Urinary Infection?

A Urinary Tract Infection or UTI is an infection in the urinary tract that is usually caused by microbes such as bacteria, fungi and viruses. Among the three, bacteria is one of the most common causes of UTIs. This type of infection can occur at different points in the urinary tract that include the bladder, kidneys, ureters and the urethra. Despite the causes, it is essential to know that UTIs can cause a lot of pain and therefore, treatment for bladder infection is highly necessary to avoid worsening of the condition.

What is the first step?

UTI can worsen if not treated in time. To avoid further complexities, the very first step is to identify if and where you have an infection. For this, you will need to watch out for UTI symptoms, a few of which include:

  • The need to urinate more often than usual
  • Burning sensation or pain while urinating
  • Sudden urge to urinate
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • High temperature or fever
  • Restlessness or body ache

UTIs are mostly treated with a short course of antibiotics. In most cases, women are given a course of antibiotic capsules or tablets; while men, pregnant women and people with more severe symptoms may need a longer course. The symptoms of UTI will usually pass within three to five days after starting your treatment for urinary tract infection. However, it is essential that you complete the whole course of antibiotics that have been prescribed to you, even if you feel better before completion of the course. Sometimes, over the counter painkillers also help relieve the pain. During such conditions, it is highly advisable to drink plenty of water or other fluids to flush out the infection. You must also visit your physician again if your symptoms don’t improve or get worse.

How can we help you?

At Apollo Barrackpore, we understand that UTI is not only a painful but sensitive issue. We approach the problem with expertise blended with empathy, offering all the support you need. Our team of well-skilled and experienced doctors are adept at consultation, diagnosis, prevention and treatment. With branches all across the country, you can be assured that Apollo, is one of the best clinics for urinary infection treatment.

Obesity or being overweight is a condition that can lead to life-threatening complications. It is estimated that 1 in every 5 Indians is either obese or overweight. To address this growing concern, Apollo Barrackpore has set up a Speciality Clinic for Weight Loss. Our expert team of weight loss experts takes every measure possible to ensure that you reach your weight goal and maintain it.

How can we help?

At Apollo Barrackpore, one of India’s premier weight loss treatment clinics, weight management programs are tailored with the objective of steady weight loss that is sustainable in the long term. Our multidisciplinary team of registered dieticians, doctors, qualified counsellors and health professionals work as one with you to customise an effective and affordable weight management program for you.

Diet plan

Our diet plans are based on actual research and clinical experience. Our primary aim is to ensure that all food groups are covered in healthy proportions. We give you a wide variety of healthy options, prescribing foods that are easily available locally and those that can be easily adapted to your lifestyle.

Exercise plan

Our expert fitness consultants take into consideration your current lifestyle and medical history and tailor a fitness program that is sustainable in the long-term. As a thumb rule, we aim for at least 150 minutes of moderate physical activity or 75 minutes of vigorous aerobic activity spread throughout the week.

Maintenance program

Our expert team not only helps you achieve your weight loss goal, but also designs a Maintenance Program to make sure that you maintain optimum weight throughout. Your nutritionists and fitness consultants will give you diet and exercise plans aimed towards weight maintenance and educate you on the best practices of self-monitoring weight.

Apollo Support

Apollo Barrackpore is reputed to be one of the best clinics for weight loss in the country. Our unique weight management plans are sustainable in the long-term and help you reshape your body by encouraging healthy lifestyle habits and breaking unhealthy ones. Our eminent team’s expertise and experience are only complemented by our state-of-the-art infrastructure and amenities.

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