Endocrinology

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Conditions linked to endocrine function, such as diabetes, pituitary disorders, infertility, metabolic disorders, menopause, osteoporosis, and thyroid disorders, are experiencing a notable increase. Recent estimates reveal that 1 in every 10 Indians grapples with thyroid disorders. At Apollo Clinic, our offerings include comprehensive services for the diagnosis, treatment, and management of diverse endocrine disorders.

What is Endocrinology?

Endocrinology, within the realm of medicine and physiology, is dedicated to the study of the endocrine system. This intricate system consists of a network of glands responsible for the production and release of hormones, governing essential bodily functions. The endocrine system wields significant influence over processes like calorie-to-energy conversion, pediatric bone and tissue growth, and the rhythmic beating of the heart. When any of these glands fail to operate optimally, it leads to hormonal imbalances, ultimately manifesting as endocrine disorders.

What is the first step?

The primary step involves identifying the signs and symptoms associated with endocrine diseases. These disorders often present subtle symptoms, varying based on the specific part of the endocrine system affected. Key symptoms of common endocrine disorders encompass:

Diabetes:Excessive thirst or hunger, fatigue, frequent urination, nausea, vomiting, vision changes, unexplained weight loss or gain.

Pituitary disorders: Abnormally enlarged features (lips, nose, tongue, hands, or feet), body and joint aches, altered facial bone structure, deepening voice, fatigue and weakness, sexual dysfunction (including decreased libido), sleep apnea, vision impairment, overgrowth of bone and cartilage, and thickening of the skin.

Addison’s disease: Depression, diarrhea, fatigue, headache, bronze-colored skin, low blood glucose, loss of appetite, low blood pressure, missed menstrual periods, nausea, vomiting, craving for salt, unexplained weight loss, weakness.

Cushing’s syndrome:Fat accumulation between shoulder blades (buffalo hump), skin discoloration, fatigue, incessant thirst, osteoporosis, frequent urination, high blood sugar, high blood pressure, irritability and mood changes, rapid heart rate, tremors, red or thick skin on the shins, unexplained weight loss.

Hyperthyroidism :Diarrhea, difficulty sleeping, fatigue, goiter, heat intolerance, irritability and mood changes, rapid heart rate, tremors, unexplained weight loss, weakness.

Hypothyroidism :Cold intolerance, constipation, decreased sweat production, dry hair, fatigue, goiter, slowed heart rate, joint and muscle pain, missed menstrual periods, swollen face, unexplained weight gain.

In certain cases, endocrine disorders could pose life-threatening risks. Therefore, it is imperative to seek immediate medical intervention if you experience any of the symptoms mentioned above.

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