BCG Vaccine – Overview:
Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG) vaccine is primarily used against Tuberculosis (TB). Tuberculosis vaccination for children, is an important decision that needs to be made, as children have been found to be particularly vulnerable to the disease. The BCG vaccine is the only one of its kind to offer protection against TB, and is currently a part of the immunization schedule under the Universal Immunization Programme.
In countries like India, which has an expansive case history of TB, medical practitioners recommend BCG vaccines for children, which is to be administered at the time of birth. There are also cases where TB vaccines for children are administered when the infant is between the age of one, up to the age of 5 years.
How Is the BCG Vaccine Administered?
The BCG vaccine is an injection given to children who have a higher risk of catching TB. The BCG vaccine helps your child’s immune system fight the germs that cause TB and helps stop them from getting serious TB disease.
Tuberculosis is a highly infectious disease. It can cause tiredness, coughing, fever, and shortness of breath. TB usually affects the lungs, but it can also affect other parts of the body, such as the lymph nodes, bones, joints and kidneys. A very serious case of the TB disease can also cause meningitis. TB spreads from person to person through coughing, spitting or sneezing into the air.
How Does The BCG Vaccine protect my child from TB?
The vaccine helps their immune system to fight the germs that cause TB and helps stop them from getting serious TB disease. The vaccine is given to your child as an injection in their upper arm.
When is the best time for my child to have the BCG vaccine?
It is best for your child to have the vaccine within a few days of being born and up to six months old, but they can be vaccinated any time up to five years of age. If your child is older than six months, he or she will be tested to see if they have TB. Depending on the results of this test, your child may be offered the BCG vaccine.
What happens after the vaccination?
Reactions to the BCG vaccine are common, but serious long-term complications are rare. Most children develop a sore at the injection site. Once healed, the sore may leave a small scar. In 1 to 6 weeks, a small red blister may appear where the injection was given. After 6 to 12 weeks, the blister may turn into a small, weeping sore. If this happens, cover the site with gauze to allow air to get in. Do not use sticking plasters. The sore may take up to three months to heal, and may leave a small scar. This is normal.
How effective is the vaccine?
While BCG vaccine does not prevent infection with the germs that cause TB, it does help stop children from getting serious TB disease.
Polio was once the country’s nightmare as it was the leading cause of disability in India. India has taken several measures to eradicate polio and has finally been successful for the last 5 years. However, it is still prevalent in some developing countries and unless it is eradicated worldwide, the risk still exists. For this reason, polio vaccination is still recommended for your child’s immunisation program. At Apollo Clinic, we strive to ensure that your child is healthy. Providing oral polio vaccine is one step in this direction.
What is polio?
Polio is an infectious disease caused by a virus that lives in the throat and intestinal tract. The polio virus enters through your mouth and ends up in the nervous system. It can rapidly lead to paralysis and sometimes even death. Polio mainly affects children under the age of 5. Older people with weakened immune systems are also at risk. It is a common belief that polio affects only the lower socio-economic group. However, this is untrue; all children are equally at risk.
There is no cure for polio. The best way to protect your child is by ensuring that they get immunised with the polio vaccine at the right time.
What is Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV)?
The Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) is a live but weakened form of the virus that makes the body produce antibodies against it without developing a disease. The OPV is administered in the body as oral drops and helps protect both the child and those living around.
OPVs are inexpensive, safe and offer long lasting protection against the virus. As the polio vaccine is administered orally, it is much easier and does not require specialised health professionals or equipment. The OPV can be given if your baby has fever or diarrhoea, however, do consult your doctor.
Some parents have concerns regarding the side effects of polio vaccine. The vaccine is proven to be safe and one of the most effective tools in preventing polio. However, there is a rare chance (one in 2.4 million people) that your child may contract polio from the live but diluted virus. If you have any concerns regarding polio vaccination, discuss them openly with your doctor.
What is the polio vaccine schedule?
The first dose of polio vaccination in India can be given at birth. Thereafter two more doses are given at a gap of 4 weeks each. To put it simply, the first dose is given at birth, the second dose at the age of one month and the third dose at the age of two months. Consult your doctor to know the right oral polio vaccine schedule for your baby.
At Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, we strongly recommend polio vaccination as the most effective method to safeguard your child from polio. Our skilled and experienced doctors administer the polio vaccine to your baby with utmost care. We also advise you on the next visits so that your baby receives a timely polio vaccination.
Hepatitis is a serious disease which can affect the liver and can be caused by 5 different types of viruses belonging to the same family. In children, vaccination to prevent the onset of this disease is given between the ages of 12 months and 23 months. Let’s look at two of the most important vaccinations, Hepatitis A vaccination, and Hepatitis B vaccination, in a little more detail:
Hepatitis A is spread through contact with the stool of a person infected with the hepatitis A virus. This usually occurs by eating food or drinking water that has become contaminated as a result of handling by an infected person. Hepatitis causes inflammation of the liver, vomiting, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes). Hepatitis can lead to liver cancer, cirrhosis or death.
How Does The Hepatitis A Vaccine Work?
The Hepatitis A paediatric vaccine is used to help prevent this disease in children. The vaccine works by exposing your child to a small amount of the virus, which causes the body to develop immunity to the disease. It should be noted, though, that this vaccine will not treat an active infection that has already developed in the body.
As mentioned earlier, vaccination with hepatitis A paediatric vaccine is recommended for all children between the ages of 12 months and 23 months, and in children and adults who travel to certain areas of the world where hepatitis A is a common disease. Like any vaccine, hepatitis A paediatric vaccine may not provide protection from disease in every person.
Hepatitis A paediatric vaccine will not protect your child against infection with hepatitis B, C, and E, or other viruses that affect the liver. It may also not protect a child from hepatitis A if the child is already infected with the virus, even if the child does not yet show any symptoms.
How Is the Vaccine Administered?
The Hepatitis A Paediatric Vaccine is given in a series of 2 shots. The first shot is usually given when the child is between 12 and 23 months old. The booster shot is then given 6 months later. Make sure your child receives all recommended doses of the vaccine. If your child does not receive the full series of vaccines, he or she may not be fully protected against the disease. Your child can still receive a vaccine if he or she has a cold or fever. In the case of a more severe illness or any type of infection, wait until the child gets better before getting this vaccine. Your child should not receive a booster vaccine if he or she had a life-threatening allergic reaction after the first shot.
Like Hepatitis A, Hepatitis B virus also affects the liver. Children infected with this virus can also become lifelong carriers of the virus and may develop long-term problems such as cirrhosis (liver disease) or cancer of the liver.
How Is The Vaccine Administered?
Hepatitis B vaccine (HepB) usually is given as a series of three injections:
- Shortly after birth
- At 1–2 months of age
- At 6–18 months of age
How Does The Hepatitis B Vaccine Work?
The Hepatitis B injection usually creates long-term immunity. Infants who receive the Hepatitis B series should be protected from hepatitis B infection not only throughout their childhood but also in their adult years.
Eliminating the risk of infection also decreases risk for cirrhosis of the liver, chronic liver disease and liver cancer. Young adults and adolescents should also get the vaccine if they did not as infants.
Caring for Your Child After immunisation
After administration of these vaccines, it is possible that your child may develop a mild fever and soreness or redness in the area where the shot was given. Depending on your child’s age, pain and fever may be treated with acetaminophen or ibuprofen. Very young infants should not be given either medication, but for older babies or kids, check with the doctor about appropriate medication and dose.
Understanding diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (DTP):
Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Pertussis are three very serious diseases that are tackled by the DTP vaccine. Let’s look at these three medical conditions in a little more detail:
Diphtheria causes an infection and a thick covering in the nose and throat. This can cause breathing problems, paralysis (unable to move), heart failure, and even death.
Tetanus (Lockjaw) happens when a wound like cut gets infected with tetanus bacteria (germ) often found in dirt. The bacteria in the wound creates a poison that causes muscles all over the body to spasm (tighten) painfully. This can cause the jaw to “lock” so your child cannot open his mouth or swallow. Tetanus can also lead to death.
Pertussis (Whooping Cough) causes very bad coughing spells which make it hard for your child to eat, drink, or breathe. These coughing spells can last for weeks and can lead to pneumonia (lung infection), seizures (convulsions), brain damage, and death.
How Does The DTP Vaccine Help?
The DTP vaccine is a combination vaccine that works against the three diseases and is made up of diphtheria and tetanus toxoids. It also kills whole cells of the organisms that cause pertussis. It should be noted that most children who get all their shots will are protected against these diseases during their childhood. The risk of getting these diseases will rise up again if children are not immunised.
When should your child get vaccinated against DTP?
The DTP vaccine may be administered at the same time as other vaccines, which is as follows-
- 2 months.
- 4 months.
- 6 months.
- 12 to 18 months.
- 4 to 6 years.
Booster Shot: Your child needs a booster shot to prevent diphtheria and tetanus at 12 years old and every 10 years afterwards.
What can you do to lessen fever and pain after your child is vaccinated?
Give your child an aspirin-free pain reliever. This is especially important if your child has ever had a seizure. It is also very important if a parent, brother, or sister has ever had a seizure. Ask your child’s caregiver how much pain reliever to give your child and how often to give it. Call your child’s caregiver if your child is crying non-stop.
Haemophilus influenzae is a serious disease caused by bacteria. It usually strikes children younger than 5 years old. Haemophilus influenza spreads from person to person.
Children and adults may have the bacteria and not know it. If the germs stay in a child’s nose and throat, the child probably will not get sick. But sometimes the germs spread into the lungs or the bloodstream, and this is when Hib can cause serious problems.
The Hib vaccine exposes the individual to a small amount of the bacteria (or to a protein from the bacteria) and causes the body to develop immunity to the disease. This is crucial because Hib can cause:
- Meningitis an infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings, which can lead to lasting brain damage and deafness.
- Pneumonia – severe swelling in the throat, making it hard to breathe; infections of the blood, joints, bone, and covering of the heart.
- Haemophilus influenzae vaccine (Hib) can help prevent the disease.
What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine?
Anyone who had a life-threatening allergic reaction after a dose of Hib should not get another dose. Children younger than 6 weeks of age should not get Hib vaccine. People with minor illnesses, such as a cold, may be vaccinated. Those who are moderately or severely ill should usually wait until they recover before getting Hib vaccine.
How is Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine administered?
Your doctor, nurse, or another healthcare provider will administer the Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine as an injection. Children over 5 years old usually do not need Hib vaccine. But some older children or adults with special health conditions should get it. These conditions include sickle cell disease, HIV/AIDS, removal of the spleen, bone marrow transplant, or cancer treatment with drugs. Ask your doctor or nurse for details.
Your doctor may recommend reducing fever and pain by giving the child an aspirin-free pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tempra, others) or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, others) when the shot is given and for the next 24 hours. Your healthcare provider can tell you the appropriate dosages of these medications
Rotavirus is a virus that causes diarrhoea, mostly in babies and young children. The diarrhoea can be severe, and lead to dehydration. Vomiting and fever are also common in babies with rotavirus. Since the introduction of the rotavirus vaccine, hospitalizations and emergency visits for rotavirus have dropped dramatically.
How Does The Rotavirus Vaccine Work:
The vaccine is built up of full dead cells of the Rotavirus, thus providing children immunity from this virus.
Doses are recommended at these ages:
- First Dose: 2 months of age
- Second Dose: 4 months of age
- Third Dose: 6 months of age (if needed)
Your child must get the first dose of rotavirus vaccine before 15 weeks of age, and the last by the age of 8 months. Rotavirus vaccine may safely be given at the same time as other vaccines.
Almost all babies who get rotavirus vaccine will be protected from severe rotavirus diarrhoea. And most of these babies will not get rotavirus diarrhoea at all.
The vaccine will not prevent diarrhoea or vomiting caused by other germs.
Another virus called porcine circovirus (or parts of it) can be found in both rotavirus vaccines.
Which Babies Should Not Get This Vaccine
A baby who has had a life-threatening allergic reaction to a dose of rotavirus vaccine should not get another dose. A baby who has a severe allergy to any part of rotavirus vaccine should not get the vaccine. Tell your doctor if your baby has any severe allergies that you know of, including a severe allergy to latex.
Babies with “severe combined immunodeficiency” (SCID) should not get rotavirus vaccine.
Babies who have had a type of bowel blockage called “intussusception” should not get rotavirus vaccine.
Babies who are mildly ill can get the vaccine. Babies who are moderately or severely ill should wait until they recover. This includes babies with moderate or severe diarrhoea or vomiting.
Pneumonia is an infection of the lung that is caused by either fungus, bacteria or viruses and can make you feel very sick. While pneumonia can be treated at home for most babies and clears up within two to three weeks, it can get worse in infants, causing them to become very ill. Therefore, to prevent the onset of the disease, pneumonia vaccines are recommended for babies. At Apollo Clinic, we understand the uncertainty of illness and the importance of immunisations. Therefore, we are committed to supporting you and making sure that your child is given the best medical treatment for all the health problems.
What is Pneumonia?
Pneumonia is an infection of the lung that is usually caused by a fungi, bacteria or virus and causes inflammation in one or both lungs. The lungs air sacs or alveoli may fill with fluid or pus, causing cough, chills, fever and breathing difficulties. Pneumonia can range from being mild to life-threatening and gets most severe in infants and babies with other health problems or weakened immune systems. Therefore, the pneumonia vaccine for infants is the most effective way of protecting your child from this disease.
The symptoms of pneumonia can vary from being mild to severe, depending on factors such as the type of germ that causes the infection, your child’s age and the overall health. A few symptoms of pneumonia may include:
- Chest pain
- Fever, sweating or shaking chills
- Dry cough
- Nausea, diarrhoea or vomiting
- Muscle aches
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid heart beat
Therefore, to prevent your baby from the illness, it is highly recommended to vaccinate your child against the disease.
What is a Pneumonia Vaccine and How Does It Help?
A pneumonia vaccination also known as the pneumococcal vaccine is one that protects your baby against the severe and potentially fatal pneumococcal infections. There are two types of vaccines: pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) and pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) that are given to babies, depending on several factors that include your child’s age, the health problem, and more. However, the PCV13 is one that is commonly given to infants and young children.
Who Should Get the Pneumonia Vaccine and When?
The pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) is one that is commonly recommended for infants as a series of four doses, one dose each at the following stages in your child’s life:
- Two months (8 weeks)
- Four months (16 weeks)
- Six months (24 weeks)
- 12 through 15 months (1 year and above)
Besides, the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23) is recommended for babies above two years of age who have long-term health conditions such as heart or kidney conditions, HIV infection or AIDS, leukaemia, nephrotic syndrome, or more. Getting your child immunised against the illness is an ideal way of keeping your child from catching the disease. Therefore, pneumonia vaccination is important for infants to lead a healthy life.
Additional Points to Remember:
- Anyone can get pneumonia. However, some people are at a higher risk than others.
- A respiratory infection such as a cold or influenza can trigger the onset of the illness.
- A weak immune system due to disease or other disorders can worsen the condition.
We, at Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, understand the importance of your child’s health and therefore, provide services for immunisations, one of which includes the pneumonia vaccination for babies which will help protect your baby from catching the illness. Offering immunisations for babies, we aim at making sure that your child is safe from diseases and lives a healthy life.
The measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine is recommended for all children as it protects them against three of the most severe illnesses. This is a two-part vaccination and must be given to children before they enter school. However, if you’re an adult who has not yet had the vaccination or the disease, you may need to take the MMR vaccination too. At Apollo Clinic, we understand the uncertainty of illness and the importance of vaccines for children; and are therefore committed to supporting you and making sure that your child receives the best medical treatment.
What are Measles, Mumps and Rubella?
Measles, mumps, and rubella, are diseases that are severe and are quite common among children.
- Measles in children start with fever, a runny nose, cough, conjunctivitis and some red rashes that initially appear on the face, and later spread to the rest of the body. Sometimes, the virus also infects the lungs. Thus, causing pneumonia. Measles also affects older children, the effects of which can lead to inflammation of the brain, causing seizures and brain damage.
- The mumps virus is one that causes the glands below the ears to swell, giving one the appearance of chipmunk cheeks. The symptoms of mumps include fever, muscle aches, headache, tiredness, loss of appetite and swollen salivary glands. The spread of this disease can cause complications such as swelling of the testicles or ovaries, inflammation of the brain or tissues covering the brain and spinal cord, deafness, and sometimes, even death.
- Rubella, also known as German measles is one that causes fever, rash, headaches, sore throat and itchy eyes. It also causes swelling of the glands behind the ears, and in some cases, causes the swelling of the small joints. While most children recover quickly from this disease with no lasting effects, it can be devastating for pregnant women as there are chances that her baby will be born with congenital disabilities, a few of which include deafness, blindness, a heart defect or mental retardation.
Who Should Get the MMR Vaccine and When?
The MMR vaccine schedule is as per update by the Indian Academy of Paediatrics (IAP 2014) and is a two-shot series that is usually given during childhood. A child must receive the first shot of vaccine- MMR1 when he is 9 months, and the second- MMR 2 when he is 15 months of age.
Additional Points to Remember:
- The MMR vaccine fights against diseases such as measles, mumps, or rubella that can be life-threatening.
- A few problems caused by the vaccine include mild fever or rash, swelling of glands in the cheeks or the neck, temporary pain and stiffness in the joints, an allergic reaction, low platelet count, or more.
- However, most people who receive the MMR vaccine do not experience any side effects and the benefits of the vaccine far outweigh the potential risks.
We, at Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, understand the importance of your child’s health and provide vaccination services for children, one of which includes the MMR vaccination that will help build the immune system and prevent your child from measles, mumps, and rubella. Offering immunisations for children, we aim to ensure that your child is safe from diseases and lives a healthy life.
The Varicella vaccine, commonly known as the chickenpox vaccine is a shot that protects young children and adults from catching chicken pox, a contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It is a very effective vaccine and helps in preventing the disease. At Apollo Clinic, we understand the uncertainty of illnesses as well as the importance of vaccines for adults. Therefore we are committed to supporting you and making sure that you receive the best medical treatment for all your health problems.
What is Chickenpox?
Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease that is common among both, children and adults. It is usually mild but can sometimes cause more serious problems, especially in teens and adults. Thus, chickenpox vaccine is a must for adults.
A few symptoms of chickenpox in adults include:
Blister-like rashes, itching, and fever.
This can further lead to complications such as skin infections, pneumonia, joint inflammation, shingles, and encephalitis or swelling of the brain.
Being a contagious disease, the chickenpox virus can spread from one person to another through direct contact with the fluid from the blisters or sometimes, even through the air.
What is Chickenpox Vaccine and How Does It Help?
The varicella vaccine, commonly known as the chickenpox vaccine is a shot that protects adults from catching chickenpox. The reason it is called the varicella vaccine is that the disease is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). The vaccine is extremely effective and prevents the onset of the disease. However, if you get the disease even after taking the vaccination shot, it will be very mild, and you will recover faster than those who have not been vaccinated.
Who Should Get the Chickenpox Vaccine and When?
All adults who have never received the chicken pox vaccination must be vaccinated against it. For this, two doses of the vaccine must be given at least four weeks apart. Also, it is essential to remember that if you have never had chickenpox or have been vaccinated against it; and you are exposed to chickenpox, being treated immediately will significantly reduce your risk of getting sick and will also minimise the risk of complications.
Additional Points to Remember:
- The chickenpox vaccination fights against the disease.
- A few common side effects of the vaccine include swelling, redness or soreness at the site of the injection, a mild rash or fever.
- Some serious complications in adults include brain infection, seizures, pneumonia and loss of balance.
- However, most people who receive the vaccination do not have any side effects.
At Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, we understand the uncertainty of illnesses and the importance of your health. Therefore, we provide immunisation services for adults, one of which includes the chickenpox vaccination that will help build the immune system and prevent you from chickenpox. Offering immunisations for adults, we aim at ensuring that you are safe from diseases and live a healthy life.
Typhoid is a serious illness, the fever of which is an infection that can cause high temperature and diarrhoea in adults. This disease can even lead to death, and therefore, you must be immunised against the disease, especially if you are travelling to countries where the risk of typhoid is high. A typhoid vaccination is one that can protect you from the disease and is available in two forms. One is a live, attenuated vaccine that is taken orally, and the other is an inactivated vaccine that is given as a shot. At Apollo Clinic, we understand the importance of vaccines for both, children and adults; and are therefore committed to supporting you and making sure that you are given the best medical treatment possible.
What is Typhoid?
Typhoid fever is an acute illness that is associated with fever caused by the bacteria called Salmonella Typhi. It can also be caused by the Salmonella Paratyphi, a bacterium that often causes a less severe illness. The bacteria of typhoid are usually deposited in food or water by a human carrier and are then spread to other people around the area. However, this disease is quite common in underdeveloped areas or areas with poor sanitization; and therefore, a typhoid vaccine is advised to those who often travel to such places.
Typhoid ranges from being mild to fatal. A few of the typhoid symptoms in adults include:
- High temperature or fever
- Abdominal Pain
- Weakness and fatigue
- Muscle aches
- Severe headache
- Constipation or diarrhoea
- Loss of appetite and weight loss
What is a Typhoid Vaccine and How Does It Help?
A typhoid vaccination helps prevent the onset of the illness. There are two vaccines available internationally. While one is a live, attenuated vaccine that is taken orally, the other is an inactivated vaccine that is given as a shot. Both vaccines stimulate the body, to create antibodies that fight against the typhoid bacteria or germs. These antibodies will protect you from the illness, in case you get infected with the bacteria. However, it is vital to know that not everyone who takes the vaccine is completely protected against the illness.
Who Should Get the Typhoid Vaccine and When?
Most adults who often travel, especially to areas where sanitation and hygiene are poor must be immunised against the illness, as typhoid fever in these areas is a matter of concern. Few of the most affected places in the world are Asia, Africa, South and Central America. Therefore, if you live there or are visiting these countries, you must consider taking the typhoid vaccination.
Additional Points to Remember:
A typhoid vaccination prevents the onset of typhoid.
A few side effects caused by the vaccine include a mild fever, headache, nausea, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and temporary soreness and swelling at the injection site.
At Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, we understand the importance of your health and therefore, provide immunisation services, one of which includes the typhoid vaccination for adults that will prevent you from typhoid. Offering immunisations for both, children and adults, we aim to ensure that you are safe from diseases and live a healthy life.
Tetanus commonly referred to as ‘lockjaw’ is a serious yet rare condition that is caused by bacteria which enters a wound. This condition is one that affects the body and causes painful muscle spasms or locking of the jaws. It can even lead to one’s death if left untreated. To get the ideal treatment for this condition, tetanus vaccines are given that helps prevent the disease. The vaccination is a combination of four vaccines that are used to help prevent diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, also known as whooping cough. At Apollo Clinic, we understand the uncertainty of illnesses and the importance of vaccines, particularly for adults. Therefore, we are committed to supporting you and making sure that you are given the best medical treatment for all your health concerns.
What is Tetanus?
Tetanus, commonly known as lockjaw is a serious disease that is caused by a bacterial toxin or poison called Clostridium tetani. This bacterium is usually found in the soil or dust and affects the nervous system once it enters the body. Tetanus usually enters the human body through cuts or wound or even a tiny scratch and caused extremely painful cramps or muscle spasms, sometimes even leading to death. Therefore, the tetanus vaccine for adults is the most effective way to prevent yourself from this disease.
The symptoms of tetanus usually develop within 4 to 21 days after the onset of the infection. A few of them include:
- A high temperature or fever
- Muscle stiffness that begins in the jaw, and later spread to the neck, arms, legs or abdomen
- High blood pressure
- Muscle spasms in the face
- Restlessness and irritability
- Trouble swallowing
- A higher heartbeat rate
If left untreated, the tetanus symptoms can continue to get worse and can cause life-threatening problems such as suffocation or even a cardiac arrest.
What is a Tetanus Vaccine and How Does It Help?
A tetanus vaccine helps prevent tetanus and is given to adults as per mentioned below:
Td is tetanus and diphtheria vaccine that is given to teens and adults as a booster shot every ten years, or after exposure to tetanus.
The Tdap is like the Td but contains protection against pertussis or whooping cough and must be given as a one-time booster instead of Td.
Preteens and teens from 11 to 18 years of age must receive a single dose of Tdap, preferably at the age of 11 to 12.
Adults older than 19 years of age who have not received the Tdap as a preteen or teen must also receive a single dose of the Tdap.
However, if you have a deep wound, especially caused by a knife or a fall, it’s best to seek medical advice immediately.
Who Should Get the Tetanus Vaccine and When?
Doctors usually recommend the tetanus vaccination for:
- Those who have not received a primary immunisation series during childhood.
- Those who have not received the Td or Tdap booster dose in the last ten years.
- Adults who have recovered from the tetanus disease.
- Adults who have not yet received the Tdap.
- All health care workers and persons who are in regular contact with infants younger than one year of age.
- Besides, the tetanus vaccine also protects you from painful muscle spasms that are caused by tetanus and keeps you from falling sick often. Therefore, the right treatment is important highly essential for all adults.
Additional Points to Remember:
- A tetanus vaccine prevents you from tetanus.
- It is important to know that Tetanus is not transmitted from one person to another.
- Most adults do not experience any side effects. However, if they occur, they may include pain, swelling and redness in the arm where the shot was given, a headache, mild fever, tiredness, muscle pain, swollen glands, and nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea.
- In critical cases, it may even cause seizures or jerking of the muscles.
We, at Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, understand the importance of your health and therefore, provide services for immunisations, one of which includes the tetanus vaccination for adults that will help protect you from tetanus. Offering immunisations for adults, we aim at ensuring that you are safe from diseases and live a healthy life.
Influenza affects thousands of adults every year. Symptoms of influenza can cause a lot of discomforts and sometimes can manifest into serious conditions. The flu can be easily prevented with the help of an influenza vaccine. We, at Apollo Clinic, are committed to providing quality healthcare services prevention of serious conditions including influenza vaccination for adults.
What is Influenza?
Popularly known as the flu, influenza is a viral respiratory disease that spreads very easily. The flu could lead to serious health complications and sometimes even death. Influenza tends to be more widespread during winter, but it could infect you anytime during the year. The flu is generally caused by influenza viruses A and B. However, there are different strains of flu virus each year.
Children and adults share most symptoms such as a runny or stuffy nose, general fatigue, headache, body aches and a dry or a sore throat. Flu symptoms in adults can be severe. In many adults, a sudden fever is often the first symptom of a flu infection. If you break into an abrupt high temperature greater than 100°F, it could indicate a flu infection. Influenza symptoms in adults also vary from individual to individual.
What is an Influenza Vaccine and How Does It Help?
Though flu sounds like a minor condition, it could be the cause of serious health conditions in some people. The best way to protect yourself is to get an influenza vaccination, also known as a flu shot. Strains of the flu virus are injected into your body and your body starts producing antibodies against those virus strains. If you come in contact with the flu virus later, you are protected from the virus. Even if you come in contact with a different strain of virus, the vaccine will help and your symptoms will be less severe.
Who Should Get the Influenza Vaccination and When?
Whether you are young or old, healthy or frail, the flu infection can affect you. At Apollo Clinic, our doctors strongly recommend that every adult gets a flu shot every year. The ideal time to get an influenza vaccination is a couple of weeks before the winter season. This gives enough time for the antibodies to develop and fight the infection. It is especially important for adults over the age of 65, pregnant women, adults with diseases of the lungs, blood, heart, liver, kidneys or metabolism to get a flu shot.
The influenza vaccine could cause slight side effects such as a sore throat, mild fever, runny nose, headache, feeling tired or achy. There may be some swelling, soreness, or redness around the injection site. If you experience trouble breathing, feel weak or dizzy, have a fast heartbeat or hives, rush to a doctor immediately.
How is Influenza treated?
There are numerous influenza treatments available such as decongestants, pain relievers, cough suppressants and expectorants. Before starting any influenza treatment, do consult an expert doctor as incorrect treatments could sometimes prove to be deadly.
At Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, we firmly believe that prevention is better than cure. Our dedicated team of doctors and support staff takes every measure possible to ensure that you are in the pink of health always. To this end, we provide influenza vaccination for adults so that you can be protected from flu infection.