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Influenza affects thousands of adults every year. Symptoms of influenza can cause a lot of discomforts and sometimes can manifest into serious conditions. The flu can be easily prevented with the help of an influenza vaccine. We, at Apollo Clinic, are committed to providing quality healthcare services prevention of serious conditions including influenza vaccination for adults.

What is Influenza?

Popularly known as the flu, influenza is a viral respiratory disease that spreads very easily. The flu could lead to serious health complications and sometimes even death. Influenza tends to be more widespread during winter, but it could infect you anytime during the year. The flu is generally caused by influenza viruses A and B. However, there are different strains of flu virus each year.

Children and adults share most symptoms such as a runny or stuffy nose, general fatigue, headache, body aches and a dry or a sore throat. Flu symptoms in adults can be severe. In many adults, a sudden fever is often the first symptom of a flu infection. If you break into an abrupt high temperature greater than 100°F, it could indicate a flu infection. Influenza symptoms in adults also vary from individual to individual.

What is an Influenza Vaccine and How Does It Help?

Though flu sounds like a minor condition, it could be the cause of serious health conditions in some people. The best way to protect yourself is to get an influenza vaccination, also known as a flu shot. Strains of the flu virus are injected into your body and your body starts producing antibodies against those virus strains. If you come in contact with the flu virus later, you are protected from the virus. Even if you come in contact with a different strain of virus, the vaccine will help and your symptoms will be less severe.

Who Should Get the Influenza Vaccination and When?

Whether you are young or old, healthy or frail, the flu infection can affect you. At Apollo Clinic, our doctors strongly recommend that every adult gets a flu shot every year. The ideal time to get an influenza vaccination is a couple of weeks before the winter season. This gives enough time for the antibodies to develop and fight the infection. It is especially important for adults over the age of 65, pregnant women, adults with diseases of the lungs, blood, heart, liver, kidneys or metabolism to get a flu shot.

The influenza vaccine could cause slight side effects such as a sore throat, mild fever, runny nose, headache, feeling tired or achy. There may be some swelling, soreness, or redness around the injection site.   If you experience trouble breathing, feel weak or dizzy, have a fast heartbeat or hives, rush to a doctor immediately.

How is Influenza treated?

There are numerous influenza treatments available such as decongestants, pain relievers, cough suppressants and expectorants. Before starting any influenza treatment, do consult an expert doctor as incorrect treatments could sometimes prove to be deadly.

At Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, we firmly believe that prevention is better than cure. Our dedicated team of doctors and support staff takes every measure possible to ensure that you are in the pink of health always. To this end, we provide influenza vaccination for adults so that you can be protected from flu infection.

The Varicella vaccine, commonly known as the chickenpox vaccine is a shot that protects young children and adults from catching chicken pox, a contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It is a very effective vaccine and helps in preventing the disease. At Apollo Clinic, we understand the uncertainty of illnesses as well as the importance of vaccines for adults. Therefore we are committed to supporting you and making sure that you receive the best medical treatment for all your health problems.

What is Chickenpox?

Chickenpox is a highly contagious disease that is common among both, children and adults. It is usually mild but can sometimes cause more serious problems, especially in teens and adults. Thus, chickenpox vaccine is a must for adults.

A few symptoms of chickenpox in adults include:

Blister-like rashes, itching, and fever.
This can further lead to complications such as skin infections, pneumonia, joint inflammation, shingles, and encephalitis or swelling of the brain.
Being a contagious disease, the chickenpox virus can spread from one person to another through direct contact with the fluid from the blisters or sometimes, even through the air.

What is Chickenpox Vaccine and How Does It Help?

The varicella vaccine, commonly known as the chickenpox vaccine is a shot that protects adults from catching chickenpox. The reason it is called the varicella vaccine is that the disease is caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). The vaccine is extremely effective and prevents the onset of the disease. However, if you get the disease even after taking the vaccination shot, it will be very mild, and you will recover faster than those who have not been vaccinated.

Who Should Get the Chickenpox Vaccine and When?

All adults who have never received the chicken pox vaccination must be vaccinated against it. For this, two doses of the vaccine must be given at least four weeks apart. Also, it is essential to remember that if you have never had chickenpox or have been vaccinated against it; and you are exposed to chickenpox, being treated immediately will significantly reduce your risk of getting sick and will also minimise the risk of complications.

Additional Points to Remember:

  • The chickenpox vaccination fights against the disease.
  • A few common side effects of the vaccine include swelling, redness or soreness at the site of the injection, a mild rash or fever.
  • Some serious complications in adults include brain infection, seizures, pneumonia and loss of balance.
  • However, most people who receive the vaccination do not have any side effects.

At Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, we understand the uncertainty of illnesses and the importance of your health. Therefore, we provide immunisation services for adults, one of which includes the chickenpox vaccination that will help build the immune system and prevent you from chickenpox. Offering immunisations for adults, we aim at ensuring that you are safe from diseases and live a healthy life.

Cervical Cancer is the most common cancer in Indian women and the second most common cancer among women worldwide.  While there are different ways of preventing cervical cancer, vaccination is considered the most effective. HPV vaccines are one of the most significant advances in the fight against cervical cancer. We, at Apollo Clinic, pride ourselves in joining this fight by providing cervical cancer vaccination.

What is HPV and how is it related to Cervical Cancer?

HPV refers to a group of viruses called human papillomavirus. HPV is transmitted through skin-to-skin sexual contact.   This includes anal, vaginal and sometimes oral sex. HPV can be transmitted even if it has been years since he or she has had sex. Certain strains of HPV cause cervical cancer.

What is a Cervical Cancer vaccine and who should get it?

Gardasil vaccine is one of the most commonly used to protect against cervical cancer. It protects against two HPV strains which are responsible for 70% of  cervical cancers. To completely benefit from the cervical cancer vaccine, you need to receive it before you are infected with any HPV strains included in the vaccine. The recommended age for Gardasil vaccination is 11-12 years. It is also recommended for girls and women aged 13-26 who have not yet been vaccinated or completed the vaccination course. The response to cervical cancer vaccine is better at younger ages than older. Ideally, females should receive the cervical cancer vaccination before becoming sexually active and exposed to HPV. Females who are sexually active also stand to benefit from the vaccine, but not as much.

How is the Cervical Cancer vaccination given?

The cervical cancer vaccination is scheduled over a 6-24-month period and 2 injections are given. Currently, the vaccine is effective for 8-10 years; it could even last longer. Studies are still being conducted on the long-term effectiveness and the need for a booster. Cervical cancer vaccines are safe and do not cause any side-effects. There may be minor side-effects such as pain, swelling, soreness or redness at the site of infection. Sometimes dizziness or fainting occurs after the injection. Remaining seated for about 15 minutes after the injection helps to reduce the risk of fainting.

How does the Cervical Cancer vaccine work?

Cervical cancer vaccines work like other immunisation that guard against viral infections. They stimulate the body to produce antibodies that, in future encounters with HPV, bind to the virus and prevent it from infecting the cells.

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At Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, your health is always our top priority. Widespread vaccination has the potential to reduce the incidence of cervical cancer in the country.  Cervical cancer vaccination helps in reducing the need for biopsies, invasive procedures and medical care thus reducing healthcare expense and related anxieties. Given all these benefits, our doctors at Apollo Clinic strongly recommend cervical cancer vaccines.

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is a form of acute respiratory infection that affects the lungs. It is caused by a bacteria, fungus or a virus and causes inflammation in the lungs, making you feel weak and sick. In this condition, the air sacs apostrophe or the alveoli of the lungs are filled with fluid or pus and cause a fever, cough, chills and breathing difficulties. It can be mild, but can also get worse in infants, older adults above 65 years of age and in others who have health concerns or weakened immune systems.

What are the Signs and Symptoms of Pneumonia?

The signs and symptoms of pneumonia may vary from being mild to severe, depending on certain factors such as the type of germ causing the infection, the age, and the overall health. Some of the signs and symptoms of this condition may include:

  • Fever, shaking chills or sweating
  • Dry cough
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea
  • Chest pain
  • Enlarged lymph nodes in the neck
  • Fatigue and lack of energy
  • Shortness of breath
  • Loss of appetite
  • Joint and muscle aches
  • Wheezing
  • Confusion, especially in elderly people

What are the causes of Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is often the result of a pneumococcal infection that is caused by a bacterium called ‘streptococcus pneumonia.’ Besides, many other types of bacteria can cause pneumonia, as well as viruses, and in rare cases, fungi.

Some other types of pneumonia include:

Aspiration Pneumonia: This is caused by breathing in vomit, an object such as peanut, or a harmful substance such as chemical or smoke.
Viral Pneumonia: This condition is mostly caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). It is sometimes also caused by influenza type A or B and is extremely common in young children.
Fungal Pneumonia: Pneumonia caused by a fungus is rare and is most likely to affect people with a weakened immune system.
Hospital-acquired Pneumonia: This condition is one that develops in the hospital while being treated for some other condition or while having an operation. People in intensive care who are on breathing machines are at a much higher risk of developing ventilator-associated pneumonia.

How to Treat Pneumonia?

The treatment for pneumonia depends on the type of pneumonia and the severity of the case. The general treatment includes taking all the prescribed medications and vaccinations and participating in a follow-up care. You may also be advised to get a chest x-ray, to ensure that your condition has been successfully treated. In cases of bacterial pneumonia, antibiotics are used and must be taken as instructed. Most people improve after one to three days of the treatment. In cases of viral pneumonia, antibiotics are useless and therefore, certain anti-viral drugs may be prescribed to help treat the condition. The symptoms of this may improve within one to three weeks post-treatment.

Apollo Experience

We, at Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, offer you few of the best services and treatment options for various conditions, one of which includes pneumonia. With a team of few of the best pulmonologists in the country, who have tremendous knowledge and expertise in the field of pulmonology, and aim to provide you with the best medical solutions for all your respiratory health issues.

Meningococcal disease can cause meningitis and other serious infections. Studies reveal that approximately 1 in 10 people who get meningococcal disease will die from it, despite timely and appropriate treatment.  Of the survivors, as many as 20% may have lasting problems such as brain damage, seizures, loss of limbs, loss of hearing. Given the devastating effects of this disease, it is extremely important to get vaccinated. At Apollo Clinic, we firmly believe that prevention is better than cure and offer a number of vaccination services including meningitis vaccination for adults.

What is Meningitis?

Meningitis is an infection of the lining around the brain or spinal cord and can be fatal. Meningitis can be caused by a meningococcal disease. You could catch the meningococcal infection through close contact with someone who has the bacteria in their throat or nose. Initial symptoms of meningitis are similar to cold or flu. However, symptoms become more severe rapidly and could include a headache, nausea, vomiting, sudden high fever, stiff neck, fatigue, purplish rash on arms and legs and changes in mental state.

Who should get a Meningitis vaccine and how is it given?

It is ideal for all adults to get a meningitis vaccination and is strongly recommended for the following people:

  • Those working with meningococcal bacteria in a lab
  • Those living in or traveling to a country where meningococcal disease is common
  • Those having a condition called terminal complement deficiency
  • Those who may have been exposed to meningitis during an outbreak
  • Those who work for the military
  • Those who have a damaged spleen or it has been removed
  • Those taking certain drugs such as eculizumab
  • College students who need to live in a dorm

The meningitis vaccine for adults is usually a single dose that is injected either into a muscle or under the skin. Side effects of a meningitis vaccination are minor such as mild pain or soreness at the injection site and slight fever. It is very rare for a meningitis vaccine to cause a severe allergic reaction. Vaccines that protect against meningitis are generally quite effective; they can greatly reduce or eliminate the chance of getting the disease.  If you have any concerns regarding the meningitis vaccine, consult one of our expert doctors.

Apollo Support

We, at Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, are committed to providing quality medical services so that you maintain optimum health. Our doctors and medical support staff are highly skilled and experienced and take every measure possible to provide the best care possible. Consult one of our doctors to know if you need a meningitis vaccination.

Understanding Hepatitis A in Adults:

Hepatitis A is a contagious liver disease caused by the hepatitis A virus (HAV). The infection is spread by consuming contaminated food or water.  It can also be spread through close person-to-person contact such as household contact with an infected person.  There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A infection.

Symptoms of Hepatitis A:

The effects of HAV infection differ from person to person. Symptoms may include fever, malaise, fatigue, appetite loss, nausea, abdominal pain or discomfort, diarrhoea, dark urine, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and eyes). Some people do not experience any symptoms, but they can still pass the infection on to others.

The average time between exposure to the virus and the development of hepatitis symptoms is about 30 days. Symptoms commonly last for less than two months, but in approximately 10 percent to 15 percent of people who get the disease the symptoms might return and continue on and off for up to six months.

Prevention of Hepatitis A:

Hepatitis A vaccine can prevent HAV infection. Two doses are needed six to 12 or six to 18 months apart, depending on which vaccine you get, to ensure long-term protection. A combination hepatitis A and hepatitis B vaccine is also available, but requires three or more doses.

Who Should Get Hepatitis A Vaccine?

  • People with chronic liver disease.
  • People who have blood clotting-factor disorders, such as haemophilia.
  • Users of injection and non-injection illegal drugs.

Vaccine safety

Hepatitis A vaccine is very safe and effective. You cannot get hepatitis A from the vaccine. Side effects that occur are minimal and may include soreness at the injection site or a headache. As with any medicine, there are very small risks that serious problems could occur after getting the vaccine. However, the potential risks associated with hepatitis A disease are much greater than the potential risks associated with the hepatitis A vaccine.

Understanding Hepatitis B:

Hepatitis B is a serious liver disease caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). The virus can affect people of all ages. Once infected, some people carry the virus their whole lives. This is called “chronic” infection and it can lead to liver cirrhosis, liver cancer, and death.

The virus is found in the blood and body fluids of infected people. It is most often spread among adults through sexual contact, or from an HBV-infected mother to her newborn during birth. HBV can also be spread through normal household contact with HBV-infected people.

Symptoms of Hepatitis B:

Some people get sick within the first six months after getting infected. The symptoms of this “acute” hepatitis include a loss of appetite, tiredness, stomach-ache, nausea, and vomiting. These people might also experience yellowing of the whites of the eyes (jaundice) or joint pain.

For some people, acute infection leads to chronic infection. People with chronic HBV infection usually do not feel sick for many years, but will have symptoms if they develop the most serious complications from hepatitis B, like cirrhosis or liver cancer. A person infected with the virus can pass it on to others even if he or she does not feel sick or show symptoms.

There is no specific treatment for newly acquired HBV infection. Medicines are available to treat people with chronic hepatitis B. These medicines work for some people, but not for all.

Prevention of Hepatitis B:

Safe, effective hepatitis B vaccines are available. The vaccination series is usually given as three doses over a six-month period. Hepatitis B vaccine is the first anti-cancer vaccine because it prevents liver cancer caused by chronic HBV infection.

Who should get hepatitis B vaccine?

  • Adults with diabetes age 19 through 59 years. Vaccination can be considered in those with diabetes who are age 60 and older.
  • Sexually active adults who are not in a long-term, mutually monogamous relationship.
  • People whose sex partners are infected with hepatitis B.
  • Persons seeking evaluation or treatment for a sexually transmitted disease.
  • Men who have sex with men.
  • Current or recent injection-drug users.
  • People who have close household contact with someone infected with hepatitis B.
  • Healthcare and public safety workers at risk for exposure to blood or blood-contaminated body fluids on the job.
  • People with chronic liver disease, end-stage kidney disease, or HIV infection.
  • Residents and staff of facilities for developmentally disabled people.
  • Travellers to regions with moderate or high rates of hepatitis B infection.
  • Anyone who wishes to be protected from hepatitis B infection.

Vaccine safety

Hepatitis B vaccine is safe and effective. You cannot get hepatitis B from the vaccine. The most common side effect of the vaccine is soreness at the injection site. As with any medicine, there are very small risks that serious problems could occur after getting the vaccine. However, the potential risks associated with hepatitis B disease are much greater than the p?

Haemophilus influenzae is a serious disease caused by bacteria. It usually strikes children younger than 5 years old. Haemophilus influenza spreads from person to person.

Children and adults may have the bacteria and not know it. If the germs stay in a child’s nose and throat, the child probably will not get sick. But sometimes the germs spread into the lungs or the bloodstream, and this is when Hib can cause serious problems.

The Hib vaccine exposes the individual to a small amount of the bacteria (or to a protein from the bacteria) and causes the body to develop immunity to the disease. This is crucial because Hib can cause:

  • Meningitis an infection of the brain and spinal cord coverings, which can lead to lasting brain damage and deafness.
  • Pneumonia – severe swelling in the throat, making it hard to breathe; infections of the blood, joints, bone, and covering of the heart.
  • Haemophilus influenzae vaccine (Hib) can help prevent the disease.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before receiving Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine?

Anyone who had a life-threatening allergic reaction after a dose of Hib should not get another dose. Children younger than 6 weeks of age should not get Hib vaccine. People with minor illnesses, such as a cold, may be vaccinated. Those who are moderately or severely ill should usually wait until they recover before getting Hib vaccine.

How is Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine administered?

Your doctor, nurse, or another healthcare provider will administer the Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine as an injection.  Children over 5 years old usually do not need Hib vaccine. But some older children or adults with special health conditions should get it. These conditions include sickle cell disease, HIV/AIDS, removal of the spleen, bone marrow transplant, or cancer treatment with drugs. Ask your doctor or nurse for details.

Your doctor may recommend reducing fever and pain by giving the child an aspirin-free pain reliever such as acetaminophen (Tylenol, Tempra, others) or ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, others) when the shot is given and for the next 24 hours. Your healthcare provider can tell you the appropriate dosages of these medications

Typhoid is a serious illness, the fever of which is an infection that can cause high temperature and diarrhoea in adults. This disease can even lead to death, and therefore, you must be immunised against the disease, especially if you are travelling to countries where the risk of typhoid is high. A typhoid vaccination is one that can protect you from the disease and is available in two forms. One is a live, attenuated vaccine that is taken orally, and the other is an inactivated vaccine that is given as a shot. At Apollo Clinic, we understand the importance of vaccines for both, children and adults; and are therefore committed to supporting you and making sure that you are given the best medical treatment possible.

What is Typhoid?

Typhoid fever is an acute illness that is associated with fever caused by the bacteria called Salmonella Typhi. It can also be caused by the Salmonella Paratyphi, a bacterium that often causes a less severe illness. The bacteria of typhoid are usually deposited in food or water by a human carrier and are then spread to other people around the area. However, this disease is quite common in underdeveloped areas or areas with poor sanitization; and therefore, a typhoid vaccine is advised to those who often travel to such places.

Typhoid ranges from being mild to fatal. A few of the typhoid symptoms in adults include:

  • High temperature or fever
  • Abdominal Pain
  • Weakness and fatigue
  • Muscle aches
  • Nausea
  • Severe headache
  • Constipation or diarrhoea
  • Loss of appetite and weight loss

What is a Typhoid Vaccine and How Does It Help?

A typhoid vaccination helps prevent the onset of the illness. There are two vaccines available internationally. While one is a live, attenuated vaccine that is taken orally, the other is an inactivated vaccine that is given as a shot. Both vaccines stimulate the body, to create antibodies that fight against the typhoid bacteria or germs. These antibodies will protect you from the illness, in case you get infected with the bacteria. However, it is vital to know that not everyone who takes the vaccine is completely protected against the illness.

Who Should Get the Typhoid Vaccine and When?

Most adults who often travel, especially to areas where sanitation and hygiene are poor must be immunised against the illness, as typhoid fever in these areas is a matter of concern. Few of the most affected places in the world are Asia, Africa, South and Central America. Therefore, if you live there or are visiting these countries, you must consider taking the typhoid vaccination.

Additional Points to Remember:

A typhoid vaccination prevents the onset of typhoid.
A few side effects caused by the vaccine include a mild fever, headache, nausea, diarrhoea, abdominal pain, and temporary soreness and swelling at the injection site.
At Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, we understand the importance of your health and therefore, provide immunisation services, one of which includes the typhoid vaccination for adults that will prevent you from typhoid. Offering immunisations for both, children and adults, we aim to ensure that you are safe from diseases and live a healthy life.

Tetanus commonly referred to as ‘lockjaw’ is a serious yet rare condition that is caused by bacteria which enters a wound. This condition is one that affects the body and causes painful muscle spasms or locking of the jaws. It can even lead to one’s death if left untreated. To get the ideal treatment for this condition, tetanus vaccines are given that helps prevent the disease. The vaccination is a combination of four vaccines that are used to help prevent diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis, also known as whooping cough. At Apollo Clinic, we understand the uncertainty of illnesses and the importance of vaccines, particularly for adults. Therefore, we are committed to supporting you and making sure that you are given the best medical treatment for all your health concerns.

What is Tetanus?

Tetanus, commonly known as lockjaw is a serious disease that is caused by a bacterial toxin or poison called Clostridium tetani. This bacterium is usually found in the soil or dust and affects the nervous system once it enters the body. Tetanus usually enters the human body through cuts or wound or even a tiny scratch and caused extremely painful cramps or muscle spasms, sometimes even leading to death. Therefore, the tetanus vaccine for adults is the most effective way to prevent yourself from this disease.

The symptoms of tetanus usually develop within 4 to 21 days after the onset of the infection. A few of them include:

  • A high temperature or fever
  • Muscle stiffness that begins in the jaw, and later spread to the neck, arms, legs or abdomen
  • Headache
  • Sweating
  • High blood pressure
  • Muscle spasms in the face
  • Restlessness and irritability
  • Trouble swallowing
  • A higher heartbeat rate

If left untreated, the tetanus symptoms can continue to get worse and can cause life-threatening problems such as suffocation or even a cardiac arrest.

What is a Tetanus Vaccine and How Does It Help?

A tetanus vaccine helps prevent tetanus and is given to adults as per mentioned below:

Td is tetanus and diphtheria vaccine that is given to teens and adults as a booster shot every ten years, or after exposure to tetanus.
The Tdap is like the Td but contains protection against pertussis or whooping cough and must be given as a one-time booster instead of Td.
Preteens and teens from 11 to 18 years of age must receive a single dose of Tdap, preferably at the age of 11 to 12.
Adults older than 19 years of age who have not received the Tdap as a preteen or teen must also receive a single dose of the Tdap.
However, if you have a deep wound, especially caused by a knife or a fall, it’s best to seek medical advice immediately.

Who Should Get the Tetanus Vaccine and When?

Doctors usually recommend the tetanus vaccination for:

  • Those who have not received a primary immunisation series during childhood.
  • Those who have not received the Td or Tdap booster dose in the last ten years.
  • Adults who have recovered from the tetanus disease.
  • Adults who have not yet received the Tdap.
  • All health care workers and persons who are in regular contact with infants younger than one year of age.
  • Besides, the tetanus vaccine also protects you from painful muscle spasms that are caused by tetanus and keeps you from falling sick often. Therefore, the right treatment is important highly essential for all adults.

Additional Points to Remember:

  • A tetanus vaccine prevents you from tetanus.
  • It is important to know that Tetanus is not transmitted from one person to another.
  • Most adults do not experience any side effects. However, if they occur, they may include pain, swelling and redness in the arm where the shot was given, a headache, mild fever, tiredness, muscle pain, swollen glands, and nausea, vomiting or diarrhoea.
  • In critical cases, it may even cause seizures or jerking of the muscles.

We, at Apollo Clinic Barrackpore, understand the importance of your health and therefore, provide services for immunisations, one of which includes the tetanus vaccination for adults that will help protect you from tetanus. Offering immunisations for adults, we aim at ensuring that you are safe from diseases and live a healthy life.

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